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July 30/21: India’s 2d Squadron The Indian Air drive has inducted its 2d Rafale unit – a hundred and one Squadron – at Hasimara Air Base on July 28. The second squadron is being raised at Hasimara Air force Station in West Bengal. the primary squadron—17 Golden Arrows—become raised in Ambala, Punjab in September ultimate year.
Dassault Rafale(click on for cutaway view)
Will Dassault’s fighter turn into a fashionably late fighter platform that builds on its mum or dad business’s past successes – or just “the late Rafale”? it all begun as a 1985 spoil-faraway from the multinational consortium that went on to create EADS’ Eurofighter. The French mandatory a lighter plane that became correct for service use, and were reportedly unwilling to cede design authority over the assignment. As is so commonly genuine of French defense procurement policy, the option got here right down to paying extra expenses for full independence and actual wants, or losing key industrial capabilities by means of partnering or purchasing overseas. France has generally opted for high priced however impartial protection selections, and the Rafale was no exception.
these prices, and linked delays prompted by way of the end of the cold conflict and decreased funding, proved to be very expensive indeed. not like outdated French combatants, which relied on exports to lower their prices and keep production strains humming, the Rafale has yet to comfortable a single export contract – partly as a result of preliminary versions had been hampered via impaired capabilities in key roles. The Rafale may additionally, ultimately, be able to be what its carriers say: a true omnirole aircraft, equipped for leading time on the global export stage. The question is whether or not it’s too late. rivals like EADS’ Eurofighter, Russia’s Su-27/30 family unit, and the American “teen collection” of F-15/16/18 editions are all well centered. meanwhile, Saab’s versatile and cheaper JAS-39 Gripen is still a cussed foe in key export competitions, and the multinational F-35 juggernaut is bearing down on it.Dassault’s Rafale: variations
Rafales(click on to view full)
The Rafale is a 9.5 – 10.5 tonne aircraft powered by means of 2 SNECMA M88 jet engines, each generating as much as sixteen,500 pounds thrust with afterburner. Canards are used to enrich maneuverability, principally for snap-shots in brief-range dogfights, and radar shaping lowers the plane’s profile relative to 4th technology competitors like the Mirage 2000 or F-16. service capacity turned into a main motivator at the back of France’s decision to head it on my own with the Rafale application, and versions exist for each land-primarily based and service use.
despite its measurement, the Rafale can raise an astounding set of ordnance beyond its 30mm DEFA 791 cannon: as much as 9.5 tonnes of weapons and stores on 14 pylons (1-2 on middle fuselage, 2 under engine intakes, 6 underwing and 2 wingtip pylons), 5 of which can be “wet” pylons that can raise heavy shops or gas tanks. Its Thales RBE2 automatically-scanned array or RBE2-AA AESA radar can direct MBDA’s MICA RF missiles, and future integration of the lengthy-latitude Meteor is also deliberate. a mixture of Thales/SAGEM’s OST Infrared Scan and track optronics, and MBDA’s MICA IR medium-latitude missiles, allows for the Rafale to supplement its radar-guided missiles with passively-centered, no-warning assaults on enemy plane from beyond visible range. At latest, this skill is simply duplicated via Russian plane: Sukhoi’s SU-27/30 household, and advanced MiG-29s.Rafale versions: kinds and Tranches
Dassault: vigour of one
The Rafale is available in a number of wide types, and additionally is available in diverse means tranches.
provider-competent Rafales are single-seat opponents, and are called Rafale Ms. they will turn into the French Navy’s simplest fighters, replacing the F-8P Crusader fighter, Etendard IVP reconnaissance plane, and super Etendard strike plane. They characteristic the common set of provider changes, together with lengthened and strengthened touchdown apparatus, reinforced airframe and arrester hook for landings, and service touchdown electronics. The entrance-core pylon is deleted on this version, with a purpose to make room for that strong touchdown apparatus.
French Air drive Rafales are available in 2 huge varieties: the favorite 2-seat Rafale B, and the one-seat Rafale C. they'll ultimately exchange the SEPECAT Jaguar, Dassault’s Mirage F1, and lots of the Mirage 2000 household in French service.
Rafale & Mirage 2000Dover Afghanistan(click on to view full)
inside these designations, Dassault’s Rafales additionally are available capacity tranches that are common throughout all versions.
preliminary Rafale F1s are confined to air superiority missions, and covered handiest Rafale-Ms meant as urgent replacements for the French carrier force’s 1950s/60s era F-8P Crusader air superiority opponents. Rafale F1s are equipped combatants, and represented a big Strengthen for the Marine Nationale. on the other hand, they lack the wide weapons healthy of 4+ generation counterparts like the JAS-39 Gripen or modern F-15 Strike Eagles, the optimized cockpit of EADS’ Eurofighter, or the rate benefits of Sukhoi’s SU-30 family unit.
Surviving Rafale-M F1s can be upgraded to the F3 configuration, swapping out the core mission laptop and cockpit shows, and changing the plane’s radar, electrical wiring, SPECTRA countermeasures system, and hardpoints. the 1st upgraded plane became delivered in October 2014.
Rafale F2. The F2 standard, which adds the potential to lift and use precision ground assault weapons. This commonplace contains 2-seat air drive Rafale-Bs, single-seat Rafale-Cs, and naval Rafale-Ms. Key additions encompass radar ground attack and terrain-following modes, carriage of laser-guided bombs and Storm Shadow/ Scalp cruise missiles, MICA IR missile ability the use of the OSF IRST sensor, a hyperlink sixteen datalink, and a friend tanker pod for Rafale Ms. The greatest thing the F2 regular lacks is integration of independent laser targeting potential, which is why French Rafales over Afghanistan had to function together with tremendous Etendard and Mirage 2000D combatants.
F2 Rafales have now been upgraded to F3 popularity, which become a lot less difficult than it is for the F1s.
ASMP-A4 on Rafale(click on to view full)
Rafale F3. considering 2008, all Rafales have been delivered in the F3 common, and most have now been upgraded to it. initial alterations brought the skill to carry French ASMP-A air-launched nuclear missiles, permitting the Rafale to change the Mirage 2000N in that nuclear strike function. different adjustments encompass full integration with the Reco NG reconnaissance pod, implementation of all presently deliberate modes for the RBE2 radar, anti-ship assault with the Exocet or comply with-on ANF, and support for an more advantageous tanker pack.
additional changes were coming near near within F3. Full integration with Thales’ Damocles surveillance and laser targeting pod changed into carried out, and Damocles-geared up Rafales were used over Libya in 2011. The present typical is F3.3, and F3.4 is expected to debut in early 2014.
The Rafale’s radar took a quantum leap forward as of Rafale #C137, with Thales’ RBE2-AA AESA radar replacing the robotically-scanned RBE2 array on old aircraft. the brand new radar has lots of of lively T/R modules, and comprises about four hundred,000 traces of code all through itself. This compares to about 2 million traces of code for the plane’s whole customary avionics suite. In trade, AESA radars often create roughly 2x-3x more desirable latitude or resolution than latest PESA applied sciences. note that older Rafales don’t currently have AESA radars, but they’re expected to peer enhancements beneath a EUR 1+ billion F3R application.
Nuclear ASMP-A capacity is irrelevant to exports, however the addition of an AESA radar and full independent precision strike ability will go a protracted manner towards making the Rafale greater competitive with challengers like American F-sixteen/15/18s, Saab’s JAS-39NG Gripen, EADS’ Eurofighter typhoon, and the oncoming F-35 program.
Rafale F3Rs facets software enhancements to make full use of the RBE2-AA radar, Meteor lengthy latitude air-to-air missile integration, SBU-sixty four twin mode laser/GPS AASM sensible bomb integration, improvements to Thales SPECTRA self-defence device, an Identification friend or Foe interrogator/transponder with full Mode-5/ Mode-S-compatibility. Diagnostic improvements will make renovation less difficult and extra economical, and there are stories that F3R will enrich an overall pilot interface that has been perpetually rated beneath the Eurofighter’s. As of September 2013, the DGA begun regarding these planes as the 4th tranche (4T), and January 2014 noticed a full commitment to advance all of these upgrades for fielding by way of 2018.
Efforts to encompass MBDA’s Meteor lengthy-latitude air-air missiles are underway already, however it won’t be equipped except 2018. that allows you to make Rafale the closing European fighter to combine the Meteor, about 3-4 years later than the JAS-39 Gripen. it's going to also be the handiest fighter with a 1-manner Meteor datalink in its place of a 2-method link.
The Rafale is still in the back of in 2 other areas.
Its new Damocles surveillance and concentrated on pod’s 320 x 240 infrared array is far behind different international choices, even with an architecture that conveniently gives 640 x 480 decision. existing efficiency is satisfactory, however this gap will continue to widen unless the stronger PDL-NG surveillance and concentrated on pod’s debut in 2018 with a superb 1280 x 1040 array. That’s about the identical as some rival offerings in 2014, so via 2018, the Rafale is likely to modernize from a gross aggressive disadvantage in a critical expertise to a major aggressive drawback.
The 2nd hole is much more consequential. while the Rafale has a large Head Up reveal, an installed Helmet mounted monitor that might allow the Rafale to take full capabilities of its large-borseight MICA missiles remains the type’s most important lacking piece, even after F3R.Dassault’s Rafale: program
Le Bourget, 2005(click on to view full)
The French Senat tallied the Rafale program at EUR forty three.fifty six billion over forty years, at 2011 costs. That determine become for 286 forecast aircraft, and the EUR 152 million per-plane determine became corresponding to the Pentagon’s “PAUC” metric, amortizing construction prices as well as flyaway purchases.
current plans demand delivery of 225 Rafale B/C/M plane by way of the conclusion of the program, so one can stop sometime round 2017 devoid of export orders. reducing production totals to 225 worsens per-aircraft raises the construction charge regular per plane, and slowed creation will lift actual per-plane mounted fees.
If the Rafale is expensive, it’s also the coronary heart of French defense force vigour. Its carrier and nuclear roles are irreplaceable, and the 2011 Libyan operation demonstrated that it has evolved to play a significant function in French familiar wars. The Rafale program equally vital to France’s aerospace business, as the coronary heart of France’s advanced militia aerospace research. The Rafale has been accountable for giant steps forward in French substances science, engine design, computing, sensors, etc. at Dassault, Thales, and Snecma. now not to point out over 500 sub-contractors. In total, the aircraft is said to be liable for 7,000 direct and indirect jobs.
As of September 2013, 121 Rafales had been delivered: 38 Rafale-M, 39 Rafale B, and forty four Rafale C. As of October 2014, the whole had risen to 133.Rafale application: history
creation line(click on to view full)
unfortunately, 1985 proved to be a perilous start date for an expensive decade-plus weapons task. The conclusion of the bloodless war resulted in a severe funding crunch. construction took a very long time, and fielding changed into delayed for decades. That lengthen left Rafales with outstanding capabilities as a four+ technology fighter, however confined operational capabilities that in comparison unfavorably with the planes it changed into making an attempt to exchange. That has come returned to bite Dassault, and France.
the first operational Rafale-M plane become delivered in 2000, to the Marine Nationale, and the category entered full carrier in 2004, in the F1 configuration. Plans call for eventual beginning of up to 60 Rafale Ms, delivered or upgraded to at least the F3 normal.
The conclusion of 2004 noticed initial start of two-seat Rafale B combatants to the French air force, and 2005 noticed delivery of the first single-seat Rafale C. The plane entered provider with the air drive in 2006. All Rafale B/C combatants had been delivered as F2s or F3s.
by means of 2006, the French military had ordered simply 120 Rafales (82 Rafale A-C for the Armée de l’Air, 38 Rafale M for the Marine Nationale) of the deliberate 294. About 70 had been delivered through 2009, when a new French buy raised the order ebook to a hundred and eighty Rafales; but 2009 additionally noticed production cut from 14 to eleven plane per 12 months. here is considered as the minimum quintessential to retain the creation line, and conserving the line at even that minimal means required an extra EUR 1.1 billion all through 2009-2014 funds duration, to convey ahead 17 orders planned for later years.
The challenge for right here 2015-2019 price range period changed into to finalize the export orders crucial, with a purpose to hold construction while French orders were cut once more.The Rafale software: What’s next?
Rafale F3(click to view full)
further multi-12 months buys should be required, but absent important export orders, a mixture of deteriorating global budget, future demographic crunches in Europe, and the introduction of unmanned UCAV projects like the nEUROn, will all compete with additional French Rafale orders. As these orders are squeezed, Dassaut won’t be the only company feeling the pain. The effect can be felt all through France’s aerospace sector, as Snecma, Thales, and their subcontractors can be pressured to rethink their plans – or even their existence, in the case of some decrease-tier suppliers.
That leaves 2 alternatives for the platform.
because the British have validated, one way to Strengthen a jet’s affordability is to enhance maintenance contracts. In 2008, the French protection ministry’s SIMMAD signed a 10-year “Rafale Care” contract with Dassault that paid for availability and flight-hours, in place of spares and man-hours. The British method has been to construct toward a contract that makes 1 company liable for all sub-contractors as well, but in 2012, a decade-long contract between SIMMAD and Thales made it clear that France prefers a group of modular performance-based contracts as a substitute.
as soon as the French approach has a couple of years of facts behind it, that sort of future charge walk in the park can be helpful on the export entrance.
that could be timely, as a result of after over a decade of failure, exports can also present the software a 2nd ray of hope. Rafale versions have been picked because the favored alternative in India’s MMRCA competition, and have a few potential export contenders within the wings. They need to close a number of of these offers – but that hasn’t been handy.Rafale’s Export concerns
French Mirage 2000C(click to view full)
For outdated French combatants, home production has been supplemented, and sponsored, via amazing export sales. The Mirage III became exported to around 20 nations, and became so a hit that its export earnings may have financed very nearly 25% of France’s oil imports! The Mirage F1 became exported to best 10 countries. The Mirage 2000 has 8 consumers. Rafale? None.
up to now, the Rafale has misplaced export opportunities in Algeria (SU-30MKA – Rafale a long shot), Brazil (JAS-39E/F Gripen NG – Rafale the preliminary favorite), Greece (Eurofighter, then F-16), Morocco (F-16C/D – Rafale the favorite), The Netherlands (F-35A), Norway (F-35A), Oman (Eurofighter – Rafale an extended shot), Saudi Arabia (Eurofighter), Singapore (F-15SG), South Korea (F-15K, Rafale gained however politics reversed the decide upon), Switzerland (JAS-39E Gripen NG), and the UAE (F-16E/F, however could win subsequent competition). different losses have been rumored through the years.
Europe’s 4G+ trio
In a March 2012 statement, Dassault CEO Charles Edelstenne threw its export concerns into sharp reduction. Translated:
“When one is in a country like India which is an open nation and wherein americans wouldn't have the same weight as nations which are their deepest hunting keep, we've a chance. And this possibility, we received it… The marketplace for the Rafale, it is international locations that do not need or cannot purchase or American countries who want to have a second supply while purchasing American. Now all countries, apart from two, the place we misplaced, were countries that did not healthy this definition.”
There’s some truth to this commentary, however additionally elides many of the Rafale’s precise complications. Questionable precision ground attack capabilities for Rafale F1-F2s, coupled with restricted integration past French weapons, harm the aircraft badly on the export market until mid-2011.
ground assault capabilities have been fixed, but the Rafale’s EUR 100+ million rate tag leaves it occupying a high-conclusion market phase that has historically been liable for simply 25% of fighter export income. That rate hole past opponents like Saab’s Gripen, Lockheed Martin’s F-16, and Sukhoi’s SU-30 has also charge Dassault sales, most these days in Brazil and Switzerland.
despite Dassault’s rosy projections for the global fighter market as a whole, hence, their lack of international orders has choked expected investments, and commenced to feed lower back into platform modernization concerns.
It’s additionally affecting the rest of the French air drive. Lack of exports is forcing additional French funding, with the intention to preserve the Rafale creation line at its minimal sustaining cost. That further spending is delaying the plenty-vital modernization of France’s Mirage 2000 fleet, and is starting to pose an operational possibility for France.
present export alternatives for Dassault include:
Secondary alternatives encompass:
Rafale F3R improvements ordered; 1st export contract to Qatar?; Indian workshare agreement negotiated.
2013 French Air force
July 30/21: India’s second Squadron The Indian Air drive has inducted its second Rafale unit – 101 Squadron – at Hasimara Air Base on July 28. The 2d squadron is being raised at Hasimara Air drive Station in West Bengal. the first squadron—17 Golden Arrows—turned into raised in Ambala, Punjab in September ultimate 12 months.
July 28/21: Scorpion Sight Thales has received an order from the French defense procurement agency (DGA) for 350 Scorpion helmet-mounted sight and display methods that should be integrated on French Air force and Navy Rafale opponents. The contract contains 400 digital multi-feature displays that Thales says are higher with an better touchscreen interface and more desirable processing power.
July 26/21: Flying Demonstrations It became introduced that all the way through the Athens Flying Week in September, the Dassault Rafale fighter might be performing flying demonstrations. The flying agenda comprises teams like Patrouille de France and Saudi Hawks. On the static screen there should be F-15SA and twister from Saudi Arabia and F-16s from Denmark and Poland.
July 23/21: DGAThe French defense procurement company (DGA) reduced in size Thales to provide new avionics device – 350 Scorpion helmet-hooked up sight and monitor techniques and 400 digital multi-function displays- for Dassault Rafale fighter jets. The systems carry greater tactical situational focus and slave the weapon or mission programs to the pilot’s line of sight to enhance the effectiveness of air operations. This new gadget will extra enhance the operational effectiveness of the Rafale F4 average.
July 5/21: Investigation A courtroom in Paris has ordered a probe by the countrywide economic Prosecutors’ workplace right into a 2016 deal to promote 36 Rafale figher jets to India by using Dassualt Aviation. French investigative information website Mediapart mentioned: “as Verified to us by means of the national fiscal Prosecutor’s workplace (French acronym-PNF), the Paris courtroom on June 14 opened a judicial investigation, entrusted to an inspecting Justice of the Peace, on the sale by way of France to India of 36 Rafale opponents.”
June 18/21: Coming Into drive Indonesia reportedly signed a ‘Coming into force’ contract with France/Dassault Aviation for 36 Rafale jets on June 7 a good way to go into effect in December 2021. Airspace assessment stated quoting its sources observed that the contract changed into signed in Jakarta however didn't mention who had been the officers concerned in signing the contract on either side. The “Coming into force” contract will then become the basis for a fantastic Contract in any case agreements between Indonesia and France are reached and Indonesia has paid an advance for the purchase of 36 Rafales, it noted.
June 10/21: Switzerland Swiss newspaper Le Matin says the Dassault Rafale fighter is main the competitors to turn into the subsequent fighter for Switzerland. The news file says a choice may now be announced on June 23. Le Matin says there are signs that the Swiss executive has decided on the Rafale. for example, the top of the Federal department of Defence, Civil coverage and activity, Viola Amherd, had cited the Rafale for instance of how the Swiss military might obtain its strategic goals.
might also 27/21: Indonesia The Indonesian Ministry of protection has made further development in its effort to acquire 36 Rafale multirole fighter plane from Dassault Aviation however a proper contract can be delayed through a scarcity of readability over funding sources. In a bid to modernize the Indonesian Air force, Defence Minister Prabowo Subianto has been journeying various nations trying to find a great deal to substitute the F-5s. In February, the provider finally launched a huge-ticket record of aircraft it goes to acquire in the subsequent 4 years.
may also 24/21: Croatia Croatian every day Jutarnji says the country has determined to select the Rafale F3R because the winner of the fighter competition. These are 2nd-hand jets that France has offered to Croatia. a complete of 12 jets are to be bought. The oldest aircraft within the kit is 10 years-historical. birth is to delivery in 2024.
might also eleven/21: second Squadron In India The sixth batch of three extra Rafale fighter jets took off from France for India final week, the Indian embassy in France observed. They will be a part of the Indian Air force’s 2d squadron of the Rafale jets. This boosts the Indian Air force’s Rafale count to 21. the primary Rafale squadron is based in Ambala air force station. A squadron contains round 18 plane.
might also 5/21: Egypt Egypt has confirmed that it'll buy one other 30 Rafale combatants from France, after the deal become disclosed with the aid of investigative website disclose on may additionally three. expose had referred to that the deal is price $four.5 billion. Egypt published that it's going to take a 10-12 months loan for the purchase.
April 22/21: 6 more Fore Greece? Greek newspaper Proto Thema says Athens may buy one other six Rafale opponents from France to raise the fleet dimension from 18 to 24. The jets might be assigned to 332 Squadron which is now flying the Mirage 2000 at Tanagra air base.
April 9/21: Greece 4 Greek pilots have all started their practicing on flying the Rafale. Three of them flew the Mirage 2000 prior to now while the other one flies the F-16. The 4 of them will later become instructors to support coach the next batch of eight pilots.March eight/21: Meteor The F3R typical of the Dassault Rafale fighter jet integrated the Meteor missile. With this, the normal has reached a brand new milestone. Developed by MBDA within the framework of cooperation involving France, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy, Spain, and Germany, the Meteor is a past-visible-latitude air-to-air missile. The weapon has a number of over 150 kilometers (ninety miles) and can reach Mach four pace. The French Air force announced on March 4, that it conducted the first operational flight with a Rafale fitted with fight-ready Meteor missiles. January 27/21: Greece Greece has signed the contract to buy 18 Rafale warring parties. Theodoros Lagios, standard Director of Armament and Investments of the Greek Ministry of defense, and Eric Trappier, Chairman and CEO of Dassault Aviation signed the bureaucracy on January 25. Dassault says deliveries of aircraft could be start in the summer of 2021 and will be spread over two years. January 25/21: Tanker aid Three Indian Air drive Rafale opponents flying domestic from France this month may have tanker support from a UAE A330 MRTT. another seven Rafale opponents heading domestic in April will get the equivalent aid from UAE. The UAE air force’s Airbus multi-function transport tanker will refuel the three Indian fighter jets twice on their non-stop eight-hour flight from Bordeaux-Merignac base in France to be a part of the Golden Arrows Squadron in Ambala. January 20/21: Indian activity The Indian Air force will installation its Rafale, Sukhoi and Mirage 2000 fight jets anyway other key assets in a 5-day mega air endeavor with French air and area force that starts off close Jodhpur on Wednesday. The Indian Air drive talked about its deployment at the ‘Ex-wilderness Knight 21’ will additionally include IL-seventy eight flight refueling aircraft in addition to airborne warning and control system (AWACS). The drill is taking region at a time the IAF has been conserving all its frontline bases across the nation in a high state of operational readiness in view of the Sino-India border row in japanese Ladakh. January 14/21: Greece The Greek parliament may be voting on a deal worth $3 billion to purchase 18 Rafale combatants from France. Debate has all started and will conclude by the conclusion of the week. defense ministers from France and Greece are expected to log out the deal for six new and 12 2d-hand fighters this month. For the purchase and upkeep of six new and 12 used Rafale jets, Greece will spend 1.5 billion euros this yr, about 400 million euros annually in 2022-23, 67 million euros in 2024 and 34 million euros in 2025. January 1/21: SKYPROS French Air force Rafales will descend upon Jodhpur, India within the third week of subsequent month for undertaking SKYPROS with the Indian Air force. anonymous sources quoted via the native media say this recreation is distinct from the Garuda sequence of exercise that has been performed via both sides up to now. India is anticipated to send its personal Rafale and Su-30MKI warring parties to the practising exercise. December 28/20: India Hindustan instances reviews that at least three Dassault Rafale combatants might be flown to India subsequent month. here is the third ferry flight and just like the 2d delivery flight, all three aircraft will fly non-stop from France to India. The jets had been ordered from France in September 2016 beneath a government-to-government deal. The start of the three jets in January will take the variety of Rafales in the IAF’s inventory to eleven. December 16/20: Inert Separation checks Safran’s 1,000-kg AASM precision guided munition has carried out two inert separation exams from a Rafale fighter. The assessments have been performed on the French defense procurement company DGA’s Cazaux flight verify center in southwest France.This paves approach for the first live firing checks to be conducted in 2021. The separation dynamics observed all through the two firings have been in line with simulations. These industrial validation tests have been designed to determine the suitable sequencing of all components of the wing hardpoint and the weapon, as neatly as the wing deployment mechanism on the range extension equipment. December 10/20: Indonesia Negotiations between France and Indonesia for the buy of 48 French Rafale fighter jets are advancing at a fast tempo and a deal may well be inked quickly, French website La Tribune.fr noted ultimate week, citing a few sources.Indonesia would want to seal a deal before the end of the yr but French negotiators wish to take some time essential to nice-tune the details, it referred to. September 23/20: feminine energy a woman MiG-21 fighter pilot with the Indian Air drive has been chosen to transition to fly the Dassault Rafale fighter. The Indian Air force pilot will reportedly begin lively responsibilities flying Rafale jets soon. She may be the first lady within the Rafale squadron. The lady pilot, who had earlier operated MiG-21 fighter jets, has been placed below the ‘full fighter practicing direction’ and should be a part of ‘lively obligations’ soon in the 17 Squadron. As per the document, the practising routine for each men and girls pilots are identical. each pilot, no matter gender, has to mandatorily bear conversion practicing whereas switching from one fighter jet to one other. presently, there are 10 women fighter jet pilots within the Indian Air force. September 14/20: affirmation The Greek executive has validated previous reports that the country may be buying 18 Dassault Rafale warring parties. best Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis talked about the warring parties will substitute the Mirage 2000-5 presently in carrier with the Hellenic Air force. Mitsotakis additionally mentioned in his televised speech that new guided missiles for the air drive can be got. August 31/20: Greece Greek newspapers record that Greece can be getting 18 Rafale fighters. The record says a preliminary settlement for the acquisition has been reached. Ten of these fighters can be the F3-R variant built from scratch while the other 8 jets should be second-hand aircraft that can be transferred free to Greece from the French Air force. Rafale is a twin-jet combat plane in a position to conducting a wide range of short and lengthy-range missions, together with floor and sea attack, air defense and air superiority, reconnaissance, and excessive-accuracy strike or nuclear strike deterrence. July 31/20: India Arrival the first 5 of 36 Dassault Rafale multirole fighter aircraft ordered for the Indian Air drive in late 2016 for $9.27 billion landed at Ambala Air drive Station (AFS) in northern India on July 29. The plane are part of a purchase order to Strengthen India’s armed forces, as it contends with Pakistan on its west and China on its east, officers have stated. The Indian government discouraged media coverage or celebration, opting in its place for a “ultimate induction ceremony” in August. July 23/20: Late July In India The Indian Air drive (IAF) is expecting beginning of the first 5 of 36 Dassault Rafale multirole fighter aircraft before the conclusion of July, in response to a 20 July statement by means of the Ministry of protection (MoD) in New Delhi. The plane are anticipated to be inducted at Ambala Air drive Station (AFS) in northern India on July 29 “discipline to [the] weather”, stated the MoD, adding that no media coverage is deliberate on arrival. The closing induction ceremony will take vicinity in the 2nd half of August. April 14/20: beginning To India in July? India will seemingly must wait until July to get its Rafale jets on home soil, in line with The Hindu. The beginning flight home has been delayed as a result of COVID-19 go back and forth restrictions. verify and guide gadget are nevertheless stuck in India. travel restrictions imposed by way of India on anyone coming from Europe is complicating the circumstance. additionally, the lockdown restrictions are anticipated to proceed in France at the least till the conclusion of April as a result of severity of the outbreak. “So, it is only obtrusive that we are expecting corresponding extend,” the newspaper noted two sources. India has shrunk 36 Rafale multi-function fighter jets from France in fly-away circumstance with 13 India selected Enhancements beneath an $8.5 billion Inter-Governmental contract signed in September 2016. As per the IGA, deliveries start 36 months from signing of contract and may be completed in 67 months. March 17/20: On time table India’s defense Minister Rajnath Singh has assured that the birth of four Rafale fighters to India is still on time table regardless of concerns over the unfold of coronavirus. speakme on television application ‘Aap Ki Adalat’, Singh pointed out the jets are expected to be domestic by end of might also. His assertion comes in the wake of studies that Coronavirus scare may additionally hit the start schedule of four Rafale jets which were anticipated in can also this 12 months. The four Rafale jets could be inducted in the Indian Air drive at its station in Ambala. March 16/20: delivery To India may well be affected by COVID-19 India is struggling to finalize the date for induction of the primary 4 Rafale jets amid speculations of delayed beginning of fighter jets from France because of the coronavirus (COVID-19) chance. the first 4 Rafale opponents India ordered from France were supposed to return home in may also however that may be delayed. India is now waiting for Dassault Aviation to reply back on the date of the flight however there are signs that the existing coronavirus situation has affected these plans. Ambala Air drive station, which can be home to the first 4 Rafale jets, is getting able itself for the induction ceremony. Infrastructure facilities, including hanger bays, were created in Ambala for the first squadron of Rafale jets named as 17 Squadron or the Golden Arrows. The 2d squadron of Rafale should be stationed at Hasimara base in West Bengal to counter the chinese language probability. February 26/20: Sixth-technology Fighter plane An settlement to advance building of a joint advanced fight plane program turned into ceremonially signed by French and German protection ministers. A contract for the primary section of the application to construct the main aircraft of the longer term combat Air system turned into awarded final week. It covers the aircraft’s propulsion system, facts architecture and simulation environment, the German protection Ministry noted. Airbus, MTU, Safran and Dassault are the lead contractors. Plans for the program consist of construction of a subsequent-technology Weapon equipment whose add-ons include faraway carrier cars referred to as “swarming drones” and a sixth-era fighter aircraft supposed to be in a position through 2035 to replace latest Rafales, Eurofighters and F-18 Hornet planes. The aircraft and drones are anticipated to work in tandem. January 16/20: Aerial Refuel in Egypt Egypt now has the capacity to aerial refuel combat aircraft, Janes’s studies. An reputable video released via the Ministry of defense indicates ‘friend-pal’ systems fitted to Air drive MiG-29M ‘Fulcrum’ warring parties. The video is supposed to spotlight capabilities of the Egyptian military. It suggests a pair of MiG-29Ms geared up with centerline hose-and-drogue devices making ready to offload gas to 2 Dassault Rafale fight plane. The ‘pal-pal’ system viewed geared up to the MiG-29M within the video is referred to as the PAZ-MK Refueling Pod. based on its brand, Zvezda-NPP, it turned into designed to increase the latitude of carrier-borne MiG-29K/KUB plane, as flown by way of the Russian and Indian Navies. December 23/19: Germany MBDA says it has bought an order to supply extra Meteor past visual range air-to-air missiles to the German Luftwaffe. The enterprise says the contract changed into signed on December sixteen. Meteor is the area’s most advanced air-to-air missile, and has a distinct ramjet propulsion system that permits it to fly further and sooner than some other air-to-air missile – allowing it to defeat maneuvering objectives even at severe ranges. The Meteor BVRAAM can be integrated on Eurofighter hurricane, Saab Gripen and Dassault Rafale plane. December 6/19: Meteor With Indian Rafales Indian protection Minister Rajnath Singh has advised France that New Delhi needs 8-10 Meteor air-to-air missiles delivered with the four Rafale fighters which are scheduled to reach domestic in may also next 12 months, native media reports. The contract for the jets and weapons had stipulated that the missiles were to be delivered a couple of months after the jets are delivered home. An IAF induction group of pilots, engineers and technicians is currently undergoing training in France, which has thus far exceeded over three Rafales to India. Meteor is an active radar guided past-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) developed through MBDA. October 7/19: India the new head of the Indian Air force, Air Chief Marshal (ACM) R.ok.S. Bhadauria, has disclosed that four Rafales will be home by means of may additionally next year. Bhadauria was being interviewed at his first press convention after removing the put up this month. the primary four of 36 Rafale jets will come to India with the aid of might also subsequent 12 months and the aircraft will enormously enhance the IAF’s combat prowess, Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria said on Friday. the primary 4 Rafale jets would “hit the Indian skies by the conclusion of may also next” after the practising of pilots in France. because the deputy Air Chief, ACM Bhadauria played a key function in the negotiations for 36 Rafale jets. September 11/19: IAF To Reactivate 17 Squadron The Indian Air drive is expected to reactivate 17 Squadron at Ambala Air force Station. The unit is additionally anticipated to be the first to function the Rafale. The ‘Golden Arrows’ 17 Squadron turned into commanded through Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa during the Kargil warfare in 1999. The squadron, which operated from Bhatinda Air Base, became disbanded in 2016 after the IAF started the gradual phasing out of Russian-foundation MiG 21 jets. The IAF has already completed preparations, including readying required infrastructure and practicing of pilots, to welcome the fighter aircraft. The sources talked about the first squadron of the plane may be deployed at Ambala Air drive Station. It regarded one of the most strategically discovered bases of the IAF. The border with Pakistan is around 220 km from there. July eight/19: correct on time in India the primary Rafale aircraft will arrive in India correct on time inside the next two months, native information stories. there was lots of controversy in India over the purchase of the French opponents. India claims that Rafale is a fifth technology war airplane. despite the fact, aviation experts dispute it. Indian major Minister Narendra Modi survived a scam hovering round purchase of the planes in his first stint. the primary batch of four fight jets is anticipated to be ferried to India by using might also subsequent year and will form the primary squadron of Rafale fighters that will be deployed at the Ambala Air Base. Indian pilots will undergo huge training on the jets in France as part of the contract and will in the beginning accept lessons on simulators for the whole latitude of missions deliberate with the fleet. June 7/19: Qatar 5 Rafales for the Qatari Amiri Air force arrived at Dukhan Air Base on June 5. Amir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani turned into accessible to welcome the pilots and the jets home. Qatar inked a few foremost palms offers after Riyadh and its allies the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain announced a total economic boycott of Doha in June 2017. Qatar ordered 24 of the Rafales from France in 2015, including 12 extra last 12 months. It also has an option to purchase 36 extra. In February, France formally handed the first of the aircraft over to Qatar in a ceremony in Merignac, southwestern France, the place the planes are developed. Qatar has separately inked deals with France for 50 Airbus A321 passenger planes as well as a take care of Britain to buy hurricane opponents. can also three/19: extra Rafale for India? in the may additionally problem of fight aircraft journal, Journalist Angad Singh states that the French Rafale will absolutely win India’s 2019 smooth for one hundred ten new warplanes. because India already as soon as ordered 36 Rafales as a part of an prior fighter tender, he explains: “With 36 aircraft already on order and the infrastructure in area for an additional 36, a case could actually be made that training, basing and sustainment expenses for further aircraft would now not be an unimaginable burden.“ this might be dangerous news for Lockheed Martin as the company is setting up a new variant of its iconic F-sixteen single-engine fighter to be able to compete in the tender. different candidates for the Indian delicate are the Saab Gripen from Sweden, the eu Eurofighter typhoon, the MiG-35 from Russia and the Boeing tremendous Hornet from the us. March 12/19: SPECTRA for Rafale F4 Dassault Aviation’s Rafale F4 will consist of an upgraded edition of a Thales/MBDA Rafale fireplace-control Radar protection and Avoidance device (SPECTRA) self-insurance policy suite, Jane’s reports. The SPECTRA provides lengthy-latitude detection, identification and correct localization of infrared, electromagnetic and laser threats. It accommodates radar warning, laser warning and missile warning receivers for danger detection and a phased array radar jammer as well as a decoy dispenser for probability countering. In March 2017 the French executive approved building of the F4 configuration. remaining month the French govt awarded Dassault a contract to advance the Rafale F4. The F4 commonplace is a component of the ongoing process to normally Strengthen the Rafale in response to technological progress and operating event feedback. The Dassault Rafale is a twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter plane intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth strike, anti-ship strike in addition to nuclear deterrence missions. February 25/19: New trainer aircraft for IAF Rafale pilots Hindustan Aeronautics confined (HAL) is establishing a coach aircraft that will also be used to teach Indian Air force (IAF) pilots before they beginning flying the Rafale. The Supersonic Omni function coach plane (recreation) is in response to mild combat plane frame and engine. sport will carry HMDS, LDP, cruise missiles, laser-guided bombs, anti-transport missiles, sensible weapons and drones. it could actually also be used as a fight aircraft right through conflict. within the IAF training module, the primary degree of coaching is primary practicing, followed by intermediate and advanced. After this, the pilots go on to fly high performance plane Rafale or Mirage 2000. HAL has achieved preliminary design and is set to get into precise construction of the plane. February 19/19: Meteor Missile test Firing ultimate week the French Air force and Navy efficiently performed the first two Meteor missile test firings from Rafale combatants. supposed for air superiority missions, the Meteor air-to-air missile is powered by using a ramjet and in a position to intercepting very long-range ambitions. Personnel from the Air drive Experimental assessment core and the Navy’s Airborne Experimental core operated the Rafale aircraft, in close collaboration with the Directorate-prevalent of Armaments DGA. each firings have been achieved because of the implementation via DGA of the examine latitude, together with protection, instrumentation, goal operation, and the replay of the launches from its web page on Levant island. February 13/19: IAF to receive Rafale in September despite the controversy, the Rafale fighter jet procurement method is on time table and the first aircraft should be dropped at the Indian Air drive in September this 12 months. The start of the aircraft is decided to take vicinity in France and should be delivered to India. The French twin-engine, multirole fighter become one in every of six plane competing within the Indian Medium Multi-role fight plane competition, which became a contest to give 126 multirole combat plane to the Indian Air drive (IAF). In 2012 the IAF announced Rafale as the favored bidder. however, this sparked a political controversy. February 1/19: IAF prepares for Rafale Indian President Ram Naht Kovind introduced these days, that the Indian Air force is preparing to welcome the Rafale fighter plane in its fleet in order of strengthening its strike capabilities. Rafale is a French twin-engine, multirole fighter aircraft designed and constructed by means of Dassault Aviation. The plane is supposed to function air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth strike, anti-ship strike and nuclear deterrence missions. The Rafale become one in every of six aircraft competing within the Indian Medium Multi-position fight plane competitors, which changed into a contest to supply 126 multirole fight plane to the Indian Air force. In 2012 the Indian Air force announced Rafale as the favorite bidder. youngsters, this sparked a political controversy. The Congress and different opposition parties have been attacking the govt over the Rafale deal, alleging corruption and accusing leading Minister Narendra Modi of favoritism. The executive has denied the allegations. January 21/19: Thales develops F4 standard The French defense Procurement company awarded Thales to contribute to the building of the Rafale F4 general, enabling the Rafale fight plane to hold its superiority against new threats. Rafale’s position includes reconnaissance, air defense and precision strikes all the way through a single mission. The aircraft is relevant to France’s airborne nuclear deterrence, a crucial part of France’s national security coverage. beneath the Rafale F4 average development software, Thales engineers and technicians are to boost the plane’s onboard sensors and increase connectivity to offer a broader latitude of capabilities and new operational features. The enhancements will allow aircrews to superior examine tactical instances in addition to deal with higher volumes of tips in real time. January 15/19: France improvements Rafale France shriveled Dassault Aviation with a $2.3 billion for 28 upgraded Rafale plane. The aircraft will consist of some of the F-4 commonplace’s characteristic. The F4 average is a component of the continued manner to enhance the Rafale in keeping with technological development and working experience remarks. The update includes upgraded radar sensors and front sector optronics in addition to more advantageous capabilities in the helmet-mounted reveal. With the F4 regular the aircraft might be in a position to get hold of more records and toughen the facts expense. it'll additionally function new weapons just like the MBDA’s Mica NG air-to-air missile and 1,000 kg AASM air-to-floor modular weapon. Th 28 ordered Rafale aircraft could be brought to the French Air force from the 12 months 2023. After that, 30 additional Rafales may be ordered and are scheduled to be delivered between 2027 and 2030. January 1/19: Flottile 17F transitions French naval fighter squadron Flottile 17F has completed its transition to the Dassault Aviation Rafale M, Jane’s studies. Flottile 17F, nicknamed “La glorieuse“, in the past operated the tremendous Étendard Modernisé (SEM) plane until it became withdrawn from carrier in 2016. Now the Flottile 17 F has formally joined the French Navy’s two different fighter squadrons, 11F and 12F, in operating the Dassault Aviation Rafale M. The Dassault Rafale is a French twin-engine, multirole fighter plane. It has been tasked with fleet air protection, close air support, anti-ship strikes, and air-to-air refueling.
November 14/18: F3-R average authorized France’s defense Procurement company, DGA, accepts the F3-R-average variant of the Rafale fight plane. The F-3R usual turned into launched in 2013 and contours a number of software enhancements that allow for the combination of the Meteor BVRAAM and SBU-64 smart bombs. The enhancements also enhance the jet’s Spectra self-defense device offered with the aid of Thales, and give it a new chum-or-Foe interrogator/transponder with full Mode-5/ Mode-S-compatibility. Diagnostic improvements will make renovation more straightforward and more in your price range. Approval from the French DGA become obtained on 31 October, says Dassault. Dassault will presently start development of the F4-typical Rafale, having achieved preliminary feasibility experiences for the application.
November 9/18: No Rafale for CAN French aerospace company Dassault is withdrawing from Canada’s fighter jet competitors. Ottawa issued an initial draft bid equipment for 88 fighter aircraft to business companions closing month and expects their comments by using the conclusion of this yr. Dassault determined to withdraw from the competitors as a result of issues over Canada’s requirements for intelligence statistics sharing and interoperability, particularly with US forces. With the Rafale out of the race, the knowledge aircraft within the competitors now consist of the F-35, the Eurofighter typhoon, Saab’s Gripen and the Boeing super Hornet. The upcoming fighter jet acquisition is priced at $12.2 billion, with the closing bids required by might also 2019.
September 12/18: IAF practicing mission A group of six Indian Air drive personnel is at the moment on a training mission in France. The group carries a fighter pilot, an engineer and four technicians who're being educated on the Rafale jet, first of which will be introduced to the IAF in September 2019. The French-made jets have been bought under a $eight.eight billion emergency purchase to counter-weight a drop in IAF capabilities and fleet strength. birth of all 36 fighter plane is anticipated to be achieved by way of end of 2022.
July 31/18: New missile construction The French govt is greenlighting the construction of a brand new technology air-to-air missile. This program will renew the MICA of the Mirage 2000 and Rafale combatants in use through the Air force and Navy. The MICA NG may be developed are available IR and electromagnetic variants and may exchange the latest MICA, whose withdrawal of provider is anticipated between 2018 and 2013. The MICA NG is the first weapons application launched beneath France’s 2019-2025 armed forces application legislation. A Rafale can elevate up to 6 Mica missiles. A Rafale pilot can release the MICA when intercepting an plane past visible range and might additionally hearth the weapon from its rails when locked in a dogfight. The Rafale will additionally raise the Meteor missile to hit plane past visible latitude. the new missiles are scheduled for delivery between 2026 and 2031.
June 13/18: Qatar picks Lockheed’s Sniper The govt of Qatar is planning to equip its Dassault Rafale fighter jets with Lockheed Martin Sniper focused on pods. Sniper is an electro-optical targeting equipment in a single, aerodynamically effective pod weighing below 450 kilos. The system is able to detecting, choosing and fascinating assorted moving and stuck pursuits in each air and earth-centric eventualities, but also gifts an answer to the challenge of non-typical intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions. Lockheed Martin’s AN/AAQ-33 Sniper ATP became designed to be a massive step-alternate from the firm’s twin-pod LANTIRN techniques, employing a low radar signature profile and an superior array of sensors and electronics, so as to offer longer range detection and identification. A usual interface, which self-detects the plane category it’s on and automatically load the acceptable Operational Flight program, is an important time and money saving function. The pod deliveries to the Qatar Emiri Air drive are scheduled to begin with the aid of 2019.
April 03/18: Qatar says “oui” to further orders Qatar will purchase extra Rafale fighter jets as a part of an present contract. Qatar at the beginning bought 24 Rafale jets in may additionally 2015 for a complete of $7.eight billion. The activity of the option to purchase 12 extra fighter jets increases the full of the order to 36 plane. The deal comprises the supply of missiles, pilot practising and some 100 mechanics. The Rafale is a 9.5 – 10.5 tonne aircraft powered by means of 2 SNECMA M88 jet engines, each generating as much as sixteen,500 kilos thrust with afterburner. Canards are used to enrich maneuverability, primarily for snap-shots briefly-latitude dogfights, and radar shaping lowers the plane’s profile relative to 4th era opponents like the Mirage 2000 or F-sixteen. a combination of Scan and tune optronics permits the Rafale to supplement its radar-guided missiles with passively-focused, no-warning assaults on enemy plane from beyond visual latitude. At present, this potential is barely duplicated by way of Russian plane. Qatar to this point bought 24 Eurofighter hurricane, 6 Hawk trainers and F-15QA fighter plane.
March 12/18: US approval mandatory the head of Dassault Aviation, Eric Trappier, has pointed out the French govt need to are seeking authorization from the U.S. govt earlier than promoting MBDA Scalp cruise missiles with American add-ons to Egypt. “here's very sensitive,” Trappier talked about at a March eight media conference on 2017 monetary outcomes. “this is a govt-to-executive contract. If there are authorizations, then it's up to the executive for the part and the government for the aircraft.” A US State department authentic mentioned that “as a count of coverage, we do not comment on inner most diplomatic exchanges, and we're restricted below federal legislation from commenting on considerations regarding specific business protection export licensing circumstances.” The inclusion of Scalp missiles have been requested through Cairo as part of an exercised alternative for 12 additional Rafale fighter jets, including to 24 ordered in 2015. The package comprises the birth of weapons from Safran and MBDA.
December 5/17: international militia Sale-Negotiations France is close to finalizing a take care of Qatar to give further fighter aircraft and armored automobiles, a supply to the presidential office stated. One deal is to activity and alternative to purchase 12 further Rafale fighter jets, including to the 24 already on order with company Dassault Aviation. further deals being discussed consist of an order of 300 VBCI armored motors from French company Nexter, and a non-defense force deal to manage the Doha metro for 20 years. The deals may be concluded by means of the end of the week.
October 24/17: Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sissi is expected to use his travel to Paris this week to raise the situation along with his French counterpart over procuring further Rafale fighters, as well as two greater DCNS Gowind 2500 corvettes. Cairo at present has 24 Rafale combatants and four Gowind 2500 corvettes on order below a 2015 multi-billion contract signed with the outdated French govt. besides the fact that children, that deal was financed with the support of loans underwritten through the French govt and it continues to be uncertain even if Paris would lengthen fresh loans for additional purchases. French President Emmanuel Macron is also anticipated to raise human rights abuses with al-Sissi, after receiving criticism at home for final silent within the face of increasing violations of freedoms through Sisi’s government within the run as much as the 2018 presidential elections.
October 10/17: A French gambit to sell a Rafale fighter jet kit to Belgium that went outside the legit procurement application may additionally not succeed, if comments from Belgium’s protection minister are to be believed. speakme in parliament, Defence Minister Steven Vandeput advised lawmakers that Paris had not replied correctly to a request for proposals (RfP) overlaying the substitute of its Lockheed Martin F-16 fleet, adding that the two bids formally got have been from the uk and united states of america, respectively offering the Eurofighter typhoon and Lockheed Martin F-35. youngsters, Brussel’s has sought criminal information on the French position—34 warplanes plus a close relationship outdoor the parameters of the preliminary gentle—and will be offered to the government by way of the end of October to inform a ultimate determination on even if or no longer to rule out the Rafale.
September eleven/17: The French executive pulled out of a Belgian soft, due on September 7, for the replacement of its F-sixteen fighter aircraft. as a substitute, Paris is providing the Dassault Rafale as part of a militia partnership that goes past the supply of weapons. besides the 36 jets required by Brussels, the French deal offers more desirable defense force cooperation between both NATO international locations, extra training, and industrial and technical cooperation between companies on each side. When asked in regards to the new present, brand Dassault Aviation had no instant comment, while the Belgian defence ministry noted it could now not comment until the manner become finalised. each Lockheed Martin and the Eurofighter consortium have submitted tenders to the fashioned procurement program.
September 1/17: The Indian Air drive (IAF) is looking at additional orders of Rafale fighter plane from French aerospace company Dassault, doubling its current order of 36 contraptions. Ministry of Defence (MoD) sources state that one of these follow-on Rafale order would can charge 60% of the preliminary package’s cost (the September 2016 contract charge $8.8 billion), which additionally includes weapon systems, India-certain customizations and a 5-12 months aid kit guaranteeing an operational rate of seventy five%. Dassault hopes to promote as many as 200 Rafales to India over the next decade, with CEO Eric Trappier hinting that subsequent orders may lead to the switch-of-expertise to permit India to tackle a important share of the fighter’s sourcing. anyway increasing upon IAF orders, Dassault is additionally searching on the Indian Navy’s bid for 57 service-borne combatants as an avenue for further Rafale orders within the nation.
July 31/17: Egypt has bought its first of eight single-seat Dassault Rafale C multirole fight aircraft within the latest batch of Rafale deliveries from manufcaturer Dassault. this is the fifth batch of Rafale deliveries because Cario ordered the aircraft in 2015—the old 4 only containing the dual-seat Rafale B variant—and the Egyptian Air force will finally function a fleet of 24—8 Rafale Cs and sixteen Bs. while most fighter shoppers receive twin-seat variations first to permit for the practising of pilots ahead of the arrival of the thoroughly operational single seaters, within the case of the Egyptian Rafale deal it looks that the EAF intends to make use of the Rafale Bs in a full combat role, with the extra crew member taking over a mission commander position.
July 19/17: India’s Dassault Rafale combatants on order from France may be fitted with Israeli firm Rafael’s Litening targeting pod. Yuval Miller, head of the Israeli business’s air and C4I programs division observed that the pods, produced to the existing 4I island may be manufactured in India in partnership with a local firm. The Indian air force already uses the Rafael-produced pod on several types of combat plane, having acquired the device within the Litening III usual. Rafael is also to deliver its advanced 4I version of the equipment for use with the aid of the Aeronautical development agency’s Tejas easy fight plane.
June 14/17: Dassault and Indian companion Reliance protection & Aerospace will smash ground next month on a add-ons facility for Rafale fighter aircraft. building of the power comes as a part of ‘Make in India’ commitments stipulated in September’s $eight.eight billion Rafale fighter jet deal. Dassault are additionally at present training the first community of Indian engineers at its facilities in France, and the Indian facility is anticipated to be operational and producing components by using the primary quarter of 2018.
may 17/17: The CEO of French aviation enterprise Dassault, Eric Trappier, has advised French media that the firm expects to promote an further 18 Rafale fighters next yr. In an interview with French regional newspaper Sud-Ouest on Sunday, Trappier hinted that the customer might also through Malaysia, in a deal that may doubtlessly be price $2 billion. India has also been earmarked as a potential repeat consumer after a high profile deal for 36 Rafales was concluded ultimate yr. “India’s wants are big,” spoke of Trappier. “therefore, for its navy, fifty seven aircraft are regarded,” he added. Malaysia, however, may well be the more probably candidate for a deal to be finalized in the close term as it looks to exchange its ageing combat plane.
April 2/17: French officials have told media that the Malaysian executive is in unique negotiations with Dassault for his or her MiG-29 substitute program, indicating that the enterprise’s Rafale fighter has gained out in opposition t BAE’s providing of the Eurofighter typhoon. Malaysia is asking to purchase 18 new combat plane — prone to be in the region of $2 billion — to replace the Royal Malaysian Air drive’s squadron of Russian MiG-29 fight planes, pretty much half of which are grounded. The resolution to move ahead with Dassault follows closing week’s discuss with through French President Francois Hollande.
March 28/17: The Malaysian government has said that it has yet to choose whether it's going to go ahead with a $2 billion procurement of Rafale opponents from France. Bilateral talks between Malaysian top Minister Najib Razak and French President Francois Hollande did see the leaders focus on the plane deal, which goals at changing Kuala Lumpur’s fleet of MiG-29 fight planes, half of which might be grounded. Malaysia’s Defence Minister Hishammuddin Hussein became suggested within the media as saying the race for brand new fighter jets has narrowed to the Dassault Rafale and the BAE methods-constructed Eurofighter hurricane. talking on the decision, President Hollande referred to, “all i need to claim is that the Rafale jet is the best in its class, and then we propose to talk about the costs, and the standards. I have faith you will make the resolution when the time comes.”
March 26/17: The French government has permitted key upgrades for the Rafale multi-position fighter to be able to convey the plane up to its F4 standard. beneath the software, brand Dassault will modernize legacy F3-R general jets with updated technological capabilities if you want to boost their efficiency in a community and be more constructive in fight missions, with Thales and Safran presenting subsystems, and MBDA presenting missiles. it is expected that the F4 common will start qualification in 2018 and enter provider by means of 2025.
March 23/17: Dassault’s Rafale is being touted because the preferred option by Malaysia for their latest fighter procurement program. A pitch in fovor of the fighter is expected to be made all the way through French President Francois Hollande’s seek advice from to the country subsequent week, and could at the start be worth as a good deal as $2 billion for 19 aircraft. Hollande’s arrival might be marked by using a ceremony in an effort to see two French Rafales be a part of a Royal Malaysian Air drive A400M in a flypast at Subang airbase in Kuala Lumpur. also within the hunt consist of BAE with the Eurofighter storm, Russia’s Sukhoi and Sweden’s Saab, which is promoting its single engine Gripen.
October 18/sixteen: Thales’ new-generation TALIOS laser concentrated on pod has effectively completed a more than two-hour first flight on a Rafale fighter. construction of the pod has been carried out as part of an immense development application for French Air drive and Navy Rafales. The enterprise suggested fabulous performances in pointing and telemetry from the pod with the device amassing splendid photographs taken using the “day” channel. Adjustment and efficiency dimension tests with the pod and fighter will proceed all through 2017.
September 26/16: well individuals, it’s finally a accomplished deal! France and India’s defense ministers inked contracts for 36 Dassault Rafale combatants on Friday, with photographs of French defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian and his Indian counterpart, Manohar Parrikar, surfacing on Parrikar’s Twitter account mentioning “Rafale will tremendously enhance India’s strike & defence capabilities.” because of be delivered over the next six years, the Rafales are estimated to be worth $eight.7 billion, haggled down from an common figure of $13.47 billion.
September 23/sixteen: it may well have taken an extended while to get to this stage, but the Indian government is anticipated to sign a deal for 36 Dassault Rafale opponents nowadays after the cabinet Committee on safety, chaired by means of best Minister Narendra Modi, cleared the inter-governmental agreement (IGA) with France. New Delhi had firstly intended to buy 126 Rafale earlier than a couple of years value of talks with Dassault broke down and Modi and Hollande stepped in final yr to agree on the smaller purchase. Friday’s signing will see French defense minister Jean-Yves Le Drian finalize the deal with his Indian counterpart, Manohar Parrikar, believed to be value between $eight.5 and $9 billion.
September 20/sixteen: Dassault Rafale combatants purchased by using the Indian executive are believed to operate as the platform to take over the nuclear strike role from the Indian Air force’s existing fleet of Mirage 2000 fighters. It’s anticipated that a protracted awaited Inter-executive contract for the purchase of 36 of the French fighter may be announced over the next few days after New Delhi dropped its preliminary plan to acquire 126 Rafales. whereas there's a follow up clause for an extra 12 Rafales, the IAF’s potential gap could be filled by both the indigenous Tejas warring parties, or an extra overseas fighter such as the Gripen or F-sixteen, each of which were offered together with the “Make in India” initiative.
August 3/sixteen: India and France are edging ever nearer to closure on a possible $9 billion Rafale fighter deal. based on defense Minister Manohar Parrikar, New Delhi has agreed to sign a protracted awaited inter-governmental settlement (IGA), a key requirement for a potential sale; however, negotiations on offsets and closing pricing are nonetheless to be tested.
July 8/16: while stories of drawing close French concessions to India pronounced final week may have gave the impression too respectable to be authentic, that was probably as a result of they were. in its place, Paris is insisting on the signing of an $8.9 billion govt-to-govt contend with India previous to any finalization on offsets for new Delhi’s buy of Rafael combatants. An Indian MoD procurement legitimate mentioned that no negotiations on the Rafale deal between France and India have taken area in additional than six weeks, and the subsequent assembly is yet to be scheduled.
June 01/16: This week’s Singapore Shangri-la speak may additionally see sideline discussions between France and India over the closing of a multi-billion sale of 36 Rafale combatants. The defense ministers from both nations could be in attendance, and it’s anticipated that considerations like consensus on moves to be taken in case of a fabric breach, stringent liability clause, and ensures by means of France are prone to be discussed.
can also 23/16: option of a fighter to be manufactured below the “Make in India” initiative should be decided through next March in keeping with India’s defense Minister Manohar Parrikar. models in the running include Boeing’s F18A, the Eurofighter storm, Dassault’s Rafale or the Saab Gripen. Parrikar additionally mentioned that the ministry’s negotiations over its drawn out purchase of 36 Rafales might be wrapped up in “weeks.”
may additionally 6/16: India’s ongoing AgustaWestland helicopter bribery scandal is likely to cause additional prolong to the nation’s perpetual Rafale fighter negotiation with France. An more and more cautious govt in New Delhi nevertheless hasn’t finalized an Inter-Governmental settlement (IGA) with France as bilateral discussions proceed to drag on. The $eight.9 billion deal contains 36 Rafale fighters alongside state of the art stealth, radar, thrust vectoring for missiles, and substances for electronics and micro-electronics from defense agencies Dassault, Thales and Safran.
April 18/16: After months of wrangling, India will sign a remaining settlement for the purchase of 36 Rafale warring parties in the next three weeks. France had firstly wanted over $12 billion for the sale, but negotiations over the last variety of months have resulted in a drop to $eight.8 billion. the first lot of deliveries will now not take vicinity for an extra 18 months. India’s air drive substitute of its older opponents is a component of an effort to with no trouble investigate the capabilities of Pakistan and China.
March 31/sixteen: A $7.5 billion deal between Qatar and France has concluded, with Qatar to buy 24 Rafale warring parties alongside MBDA missiles, and practicing for 36 pilots and some a hundred mechanics.The deal had been at first estimated to be $6.9 billion, however additional cruise missile orders pushed up the price. The contracts have been signed via French protection Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian and his Qatari counterpart, Sheikh Khalid Al-Attiah, on the opening day of the Doha foreign Maritime Defence Exhibition and convention. regardless of this, the uk’s defence minister cited that a cope with Qatar to promote them Eurofighter hurricane warplanes turned into “definitely nevertheless on the table” when speaking in Doha on Tuesday.
March 22/sixteen: Qatar’s buy of Dassault Rafale fighters has been financed with the aid of eastern banks. The Gulf state currently paid a 15% down payment on its order, which in complete quantities to $6.8 billion. The mortgage highlights a growing relationship with Japan via japanese business interests in areas of development and finance. Investments and initiatives involving japanese agencies consist of building for the 2022 World Cup, and the constructing of a subway gadget in Doha, whereas Qatar elements liquefied gasoline to Japan. The participation of japanese cash in the deal comes as tighter european fiscal laws to European banks carry lending below more suitable scrutiny, whereas a US personal loan to purchase French technology might also have upset Boeing, a competitor to Dassault in the fighter market.
March 16/sixteen: Dassault has skilled a 12-fold increase in defense exports in 2015. The defense wing of the company skilled an order intake for the 12 months end (2015) at $9.2 billion in comparison to handiest $770 million in 2014. The striking bounce has been attributed to a 12 months that involved the sale of 48 Rafale fighters to Egypt and Qatar, and further via the smartly publicized ongoing negotiations with India for an extra 38 of the aircraft. including to the specifically respectable yr changed into Strengthen of the Indian Mirage 2000 fighter.
March sixteen/sixteen: India’s legislation Ministry has come out in opposition t the country’s Rafale deal, citing a number of issues in regard to the contract with French brand Dassault and France. whereas the defense Ministry has come out in guide of the deal, refusing to answer any questions submitted by way of the media in the case of the issues, it seems that even a preliminary contract has yet to solidified. fees and pricing nevertheless continue to be a controversy, in addition to a collection of prison concerns that are apparently weighted closely in France’s want. French legal responsibility has been described as “watered down,” with big payouts not promising exact start. furthermore, the French government proceed of their refusal of a financial institution guarantee, as a substitute offering a “consolation letter” from prime Minister Manuel Valls.
January 29/16: India’s Rafale contend with France is anticipated to be complete inside four months in response to French ambassador to India, Francois Richier. chatting with Indian tv, it's the first time a senior reputable has given a time scale for the completion of the deal. President Francois Hollande had indicated earlier in the week that the manner would take the time, but that there would be gradual development on agreeing to a ultimate sale fee. Dassault had previously stated that a deal may be signed inside a month after a signing of an inter-governmental settlement on Monday, but officers from each governments have admitted that the rate may also develop into slightly of a sticking aspect. Richier also mentioned that he hoped that India would in time purchase more Rafale’s from Dassault after their initial order of 126 combatants was slashed to just thirty-six.
January 27/16: Dassault expects to have a contracts signed with India over their sale of Rafale combatants within a month. The company introduced on Monday that each the French and Indian governments signed a tentative inter-governmental agreement on Monday all the way through President Hollande’s contemporary state visit to India. The contract will pave the style for Dassault to conclude the deal for thirty-six combatants once some remaining monetary concerns are sorted out over the subsequent couple of days. The anticipated early beginning date for the jets have been originally pointed out for between 2016-2017, however pre-current contracts with Egypt, Quatar and the French Air force may see these deliveries delayed.
January 22/sixteen: officials from Dassault are to fly to New Delhi to pitch a navalized version of the Rafale. With the sale of thirty-six of the warring parties virtually over the road, the French manufacturer looks to be capitalizing on the sale and arrangements to have components of the aircraft produced in India. India is attempting to find abilities suppliers for over fifty combatants for their second indigenous plane service vessel, the Vishal. Their first indigenous plane service, the INS Vikrant is already beneath construction and will function the MiG 29K, however no plans were made to include it within the design for the Vishal. Sources talked about that India has written to four nations, together with France, in quest of proposals for the design of the aircraft provider. Dassault’s consult with will comply with shortly after that of French President Francois Hollande’s seek advice from this weekend.
January 18/16: The suspense surrounding India’s Rafale jet acquisition continues. With plans seemingly already in region for the deal to be finalized, India is calling to barter a new choice to the present deal to buy thirty-six fighters from Dassault. A consult with to New Delhi by way of French protection minister Jean-Yves Le Drian remaining week was firstly seen as a remaining dotting of i’s and crossing of t’s on negotiations ahead of President Hollande’s seek advice from subsequent week. The Indian government looks to be more assured that the $9.1 million deal might be in a position for the seek advice from, claiming the contract to be “politically competent”.
January 12/sixteen: India’s lengthy awaited purchase of thirty-six Rafale warring parties is set to be finalized as French defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian is scheduled to visit New Delhi subsequent week. It’s believed that the visit is above all for the goal of formally concluding the excessive-profile deal forward of President Francois Hollande’s consult with to the nation. Hollande will seek advice from as a guest to rejoice India’s Republic Day on January 26. France and manufacturer Dassault will no doubt be happy to see the deal secured, which has been ongoing for some time, and the explanation for an awful lot haggling over expense offsets and a deal to produce constituents for the plane within India.
December 21/15: After some lengthen, Qatar has ultimately made their down-payment on their order of 24 Rafale warring parties. The $7 billion deal had gone through a few delays after originally being agreed upon in can also. It had been feared that the deal would have stalled in the new yr, however with simplest 4 browsing days left until Christmas, any considerations over the deal seem to have been ironed out.
November 27/15: India is to signal a deal to purchase 36 Rafale warring parties from France it has been announced. The signing coincides with French President Hollande’s talk over with to New Delhi to celebrate Republic Day. it's anticipated that the delivery of the Rafale fighters may be accomplished within seven years and is a part of India’s circulation to increase its air drive power to maintain effectiveness against each China and Pakistan.
November 16/15: Qatar have nevertheless to make their downpayment for twenty-four Rafale fighters from France regardless of contracts being signed with the aid of both countries six months in the past. The deal, which is worth approximately $7 billion can not be executed by means of brand Dassault except the sort of fee is made and will little doubt be on the agenda for Qatari major minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa al-Thani’s consult with to Paris this week. The discuss with is declared to go forward regardless of remaining Friday’s terrorist attack in Paris.
November 12/15: The United Arab Emirates is reportedly near signing an settlement for Rafale fighters, with the sixty-aircraft deal slated to cost about $10 billion. similar talks between the UAE and manufacturer Dassault collapsed in November 2011, however were revived in April 2015.
October 26/15: French company Dassault has provided the Rafale fighter to Canada as an alternative choice to the F-35. the new Canadian PM looks set to withdraw from the overseas Joint Strike Fighter application, pushing up the charge of the other companions’ fighter in the procedure, besides the fact that children this still remains to be formally finalized. Dassault has offered the country its Rafale fighter.
October 23/15: France has reportedly agreed to make investments half of the cost of the contract for 36 Rafale fighters in Indian business, with negotiations ongoing. The offset agreement is now concept to have lead the way for further negotiations over the sale of the opponents, which turned into first in the beginning introduced in April, following the cave in of the M-MRCA competition. The negotiations reached a sticking aspect in August over offset arrangements, with high stage intervention in September kicking talks forward. yet another potential challenge has been recognized as the Indian insistence on installing the indigenous Astra missile on the French fighters.
August 17/15: One sticking aspect within the ongoing executive-to-government negotiations between India and France over the procurement of 36 Rafales has reportedly been identified. The Indian Air force desires to regulate the fighters to elevate the indigenous Astra air-to-air missile, with the French refusing to achieve this; citing the associated cost increases with the mandatory recertification any such circulation would entail. These contract negotiations have been taking part in out given that the Indian best Minister introduced the acquisition in April. The French executive has diminished the per-unit charge of the deal, losing this via 25% in can also. they're providing French missiles in its place of the Astra, probably manufactured by European missile apartment MBDA. The Indian Air drive also desires to combine an Israeli-manufactured helmet display gadget, whatever which the French are unlikely to allow.
moreover, French negotiators have reportedly rejected Indian proposals for a 50% offset association within the Rafale contract negotiations. The French executive has responded by way of providing to manufacture plane in India via future contracts, beneath the ‘Make in India’ procurement framework. Indian insistence on an offset will pressure up the cost of the 36 Rafales, that are currently on offer for the same fee being paid by the French Air force, following the aforementioned rate drop in may also.
July 30/15: France is awaiting an extra pair of export orders for its Rafale fighter, with Malaysia and the United Arab Emirates reportedly the certainly candidates. Reuters also stated Thursday that negotiations between India and France are now additionally discussing the feasible deliver of further Rafales on appropriate of the 36 ordered in April. Malaysia is calling to exchange its MiG-29 Fulcrums, with the UAE these days restarting negotiations for the Rafale as it appears to swap out its fleet of Mirage 2000-9 warring parties. The Gulf state has in the past articulated a potential buy of sixty Rafales.
July 21/15: Rafale company Dassault is increasing the construction fee of the fighter in anticipation of greater export orders. The French jet has develop into an export success in fresh months, following orders from Egypt, India and Qatar. The creation line has lately come below strain as a result of the mounting orders, with the start expense from Dassault’s meeting line in Merignac, south-west France, set to double from the current price of eleven per year by way of 2018, in response to the company’s CEO.
July 17/15: photos have emerged displaying Rafale fighters flying in Egyptian colors. Egypt ordered twenty-4 of the French plane in February, currently opting to buy AASM Hammer precision air-to-floor missiles to equip its new fleet. the first three Egyptian Rafales are due for start before 5 August.
may additionally 7/15: France reportedly offered India a 25% cost drop to be able to seal the deal for 36 Rafales in April. The French also agreed to an extended preservation time table, with the 36 opponents concept to be the minimum number they would sell. The deal is concept to carry the per-unit charge of the Rafale to around $220 million, a long way beneath the approximate $300 million pricetag which grew to become the death-knell for the Indian negotiations with Dassault. The currently announced Qatari order noticed a comparable charge of $290 million per aircraft.
may also 5/15: Following the acquisition of 36 Rafale fighters in April via government to executive negotiations – aspect-lining India’s negotiations with brand Dassault – the Indian defense Minister announced on Monday that further negotiations between the French and Indian governments will start this month. The Rafale’s choice as favored bidder in the nation’s MMRCA competitors in consequence stagnated, with major Minister Modi bypassing the negotiations following force from the Indian Air force. The French defense Minister will talk over with India later this week, throughout which time the outlet negotiations for more government to executive Rafales are anticipated to start.
March 10/15: Egypt says yes. Egypt will buy 24 Dassault Rafale combatants. Egypt already flies predecessors Mirage Vs and Mirage 2000s, and turned into once looking at upgrading its already giant fleet of F-16s to more contemporary versions. Dassault’s opponents have the advantage of now not having many political strings connected, and for a govt arguably installed through coup, this has a definite allure.
Feb-17/15: India recalculates that Dassault wasn’t low bidder.The negotiation-by means of-newspapers exchange continues between France’s Dassault and India in regard to the Indian buy of Rafale warring parties. India’s MoD is now asserting that upon thinking about it a bit of more – for 3 years – they suppose the Dassault present goes to be more high priced than some other, rejected bidders. Being India’s first existence cycle costing contract, the RFP for 126 warring parties did not demand particular information on some items imperative to that charge cycle, in response to an unnamed authentic worried with the contract negotiation committee.
Feb-sixteen/15: India’s hardcore negotiating not phasing Dassault. India has been sending messages throughout the press that it is able to stroll faraway from the Rafale deal. Dassault, for it’s half, isn’t biting, expressing confidence within the 126 fighter deal. Some reviews indicated India is pressuring Dassault to make unspecified guarantees involving the manufacture of the fighters. The French procurement agency DGA defended Dassault, indicating that Dassault are usually not responsible for HAL-constructed warring parties.
Oct 6-17/14: F3.4+ testing. The French DGA assessments the F-3.4+ software Strengthen at Mont-de-Marsan AB. it should enter operational provider in early 2015.
The F3.4+ builds on the latest F3.3 common’s improvements to hyperlink-16 and integration of laser-guided weapons comprises many software advancements, adding full compatibility with NATO’s MGRS geographic layout for GPS-related services, radar improvements in terrain following mode, new warnings for low altitudes and strange positions that are designed to snap pilots out of disorientation, and warnings to stay away from overloading the touchdown gear brakes during take-off. Sources: French AdlA, “Le Rafale F3.four+ experimente a Istres”.
Oct 3/14: F1 to F3. Dassault Aviation in Merignac, France re-can provide aircraft M10 to the Marine Nationale, after upgrading it from F1 to F3 status beneath a EUR 240 million contract for 10 plane.
adjustments consist of swapping out the core mission computer and cockpit shows, and altering the aircraft’s radar, electrical wiring, SPECTRA countermeasures device, and hardpoints. In return, the start to F3 status provides implementation of all currently planned modes for the RBE2 radar, incl. radar floor assault and terrain-following modes; full integration with the Reco NG reconnaissance pod and Damocles surveillance and focused on pod; MICA IR air-to-air missile capacity using the OSF IRST sensor; carriage of laser-guided bombs and Storm Shadow/ Scalp cruise missiles;anti-ship assault with the Exocet or follow-on ANF; nuclear strike ability using the ASMP-A missile; a link 16 datalink, and a pal tanker pod. They don't include the RBE2-AA AESA radar antenna, but the jet may reportedly be refitted with that later on.
Of the a hundred and eighty Rafales ordered by using France to this point, 133 had been delivered, including Rafale-M F2s and F3s for the Marine Nationale. The contract only applies for the primary 10 orders, which were delivered as Rafale-M F1s. Rafale warring parties are presently executing missions against ISIS in Iraq, after seeing combat use in Afghanistan, Libya, Mali, and relevant Africa. Sources: French DGA, “La DGA receptionne le premier Rafale Marine retrofite” | Dassault Aviation, “The French protection procurement agency (DGA) takes beginning of its 1st retrofitted Rafale “Marine” from Dassault Aviation” | Navy recognition, “The French procurement agency takes start of its 1st retrofitted Rafale M from Dassault Aviation”.
QEAF Mirage 2000-5(click on to view full)
June 19-23/14: Qatar. stories continue to foretell that Sheikh Tamim Ben Hamad Al-Thani’s seek advice from to Paris on June 23/14 will herald a contract for 36 Rafales, with an option for 36 greater. The stream would signify the Rafale’s 1st export contract, and a dramatic growth of Qatar’s fighter drive from the existing fleet of 12 Mirage 2000s.
With that talked about, the top-quality supply is France’s La Tribune. They cite executive sources who're comfortable with the development of negotiations, while cautioning readers in regards to the deal’s complexity, and doubting that the Rafale deal should be signed in Paris. That turns out to be relevant: France’s Alstom wins a $2 billion gentle rail contract, but all “a source close to French President Francois Hollande” will says after ward is: “They mentioned it. Negotiations are continuing.”
Qatar is a big consumer for French protection gadget, and their guide of the Muslim Brotherhood has given then an anomalous place inside the Gulf Arab states. France currently offered them A330 aerial tankers and NH90 helicopters as a part of a $23 billion international splurge, and are reportedly negotiating to sell the Emirate VBCI wheeled APCs and FREMM FREDA air defense frigates on appropriate of the Rafales. Sources: La Tribune, “Le Qatar veut le Rafale de Dassault Aviation” | Bloomberg, “Dassault spoke of to shut in on Rafale Contract to elevate Exports” | Reuters, “France wins Qatar tram deal, discusses Rafale jets”.
may additionally 28/14: Qatar. La Tribune says that France’s Rafale has emerged as Qatar’s 1st choice for its new fighter fleet, against competitors from the Eurofighter hurricane and an American present that changed into now not the F-35 (i.e. F-15 Strike Eagle or F/A-18 super Hornet – q.v. Nov 26/13). Talks reportedly resumed in March 2014, with Qatar inquiring about a range of options from 12-seventy two plane. The opt for is anticipated to be introduced by way of Sheikh Tamim Ben Hamad Al-Thani on June 23/14, when he visits Paris.
The stakes are excessive for France, whose exact multi-12 months finances would buy handiest 26 Rafales from 2014 – 2019, regardless of a minimal required creation cost of eleven jets per year. The French order would simplest ultimate unless the spring of 2016. Given the contract penalties involved in falling under minimum construction, France can be compelled to move its own orders forward, unless significant export orders arrive to rescue the production line. Sources: La Tribune, “Le Rafale de Dassault sur la piste d’envol au Qatar?” | AFP, “Qatar nears exclusive talks on purchasing Rafale fighter: report” | Gulf information, “Qatar nears talks to buy ‘unpopular’ Rafale fighter jets”.
March 2/14: India. Dassault and HAL have reportedly established an preliminary workshare contract for Indian Rafales, after lengthy and tricky negotiations. Dassault will provide the primary 18 planes from its own factories in fly-away situation. After that, HAL will be dependable for steering 70% of the work in India, whereas Dassault continues to be liable for 30%.
Negotiations have covered industrial coordination, in addition to straight workshare. for example, RBE2-AA AESA radar production should be outsourced to state-owned Bharat-Electronics Ltd (BEL) in Bangalore, while the corresponding radome will be manufactured by HAL. One step toward the agreement involved HAL setting up a brand new facility close to the one which BEL has in Bangalore, so that considerations with radome or radar creation won’t create compatibility complications that leave India’s Rafales unable to satisfy acceptance exams.
The MoD has already spent this time period’s capital price range, so the deal will ought to be finalized by way of whichever government wins India’s may also election. Which turns out to be a landslide for the BJP opposition. Sources: Indian express, “India seals Rafale jet deal with French company” | NDTV, “a huge step in India’s Rafale jet deal with France”.
India: workshare deal
Jan 22/14: Canada. Dassault SVP of NATO affairs Yves Robins is quoted as announcing that they’re offering Canada unrestricted transfers of technology if it picks the Rafale, including software supply codes for servicing the planes. That’s whatever thing Canada won’t get with the F-35, and it’s being touted as a long-time period charge reductions so that it will let Canadian enterprises do more of the required protection. They’re additionally pushing the executive to declare a competition.
The CBC file goes on to demonstrate that the broadcaster doesn’t in fact draw close the considerations, asking concerning the Rafale’s means to operate alongside the USAF. France replies that this worked over Libya, but that isn’t the actual question. The question is whether Canada may use its American weapons with the Rafale, without having to behavior expensive integration and checking out courses. In most cases, the reply isn't any. Which is why Rafale is a protracted shot, within the unlikely experience that Canada even pronounces a competition. Sources: CBC information, “Dassault Aviation ramps up CF-18 replacement pitch”.
Jan 10/13: F3R. French defense minister Jean-Yves le Drian hands Dassault Chairman and CEO Eric Trappier the Rafale F3R construction contract, during a visit to Dassault Aviation’s Merignac plant. The contract, which is pronounced to be value about EUR 1 billion ($1.32 billion), had truly been ratified by means of the DGA on Dec 30/13.
Key additions to the Rafale F3R encompass full integration with the SBU-64 laser/GPS AASM sensible bomb and the Meteor lengthy-latitude air-to-air missile, advancements to Thales SPECTRA self-defence device, an Identification buddy or Foe interrogator/transponder with full Mode-5/Mode-S-compatibility, and assorted incremental advancements to the aircraft’s navigation methods, information links, and radar.
on the same time, the DGA publicizes the expected EUR 119 million building cope with Thales Optronics for the F3R’s new PDL-NG surveillance and targeting pod, below the 2014-2019 finances. That’s on top of the initial EUR fifty five million chance-discount phase that validated the gadget’s structure, integration, and development schedule (q.v. Jan 28/13). The French militia expects to order 20 pods throughout a subsequent preliminary creation part, with 16 delivered between 2018 – 2019. the total application is anticipated to order forty five.
French Rafale orders currently stand at a hundred and eighty creation plane, with 126 delivered: 39 Rafale-M naval single-seaters, 42 Rafale-B twin-seaters for the air drive, and 45 Rafale-C single-seaters for the air force. Sources: French DGA, “Lancement du nouveau standard du programme Rafale” | French DGA, “La DGA lance le developpement du PDL-NG” | Dassault Aviation, “RAFALE “F3 R” commonplace launched” | Usine Nouvelle, “L’Etat debloque un milliard d’euros pour rendre le Rafale exportable” | Thales neighborhood, “Thales starts development of exact technology Laser Designation Pod”.
Rafale F3R & PDL-NG pod building contracts2013
Rafale software to end early in France, inserting the power on exports; Loss in Brazil doesn’t support; Qatar competitors delayed into 2014; PDL NG targeting pod building; Rafale F3R.
Rafale w. Damocles
Dec 18/13: Brazil. earlier press experiences that the competition turned into stalled for another 2 years are confirmed incorrect by a somewhat sudden announcement from the Ministerio da Defesa. Brazil has picked Saab’s Gripen-NG as their favored bidder, and expects to purchase 36 planes for $4.5 billion. That’s at present simply an estimate, as negotiations should variety themselves out. A closing contract and financing preparations are expected in December 2014, and deliveries are anticipated to start 4 years later. Dassault shares fall by means of about 2% on the news, regardless of statements through French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Driana that this turned into a:
“…disappointment on a target that wasn’t a priority…. Brazil became now not the precedence target for the Rafale. we've extra crucial ambitions in India and the Gulf (Arab states)…. we have first rate intent to feel that in India and the Gulf (Arab states) there may be consequences.”
The Gripen NG contract determine tracks precisely with outdated stories with the aid of Folha de Sao Paolo, which ability an extra $1.5 billion contract can also be expected for lengthy-term maintenance and help. Saab turned into the least expensive of the suggested presents, beating Boeing ($5.8 billion) and Dassault ($eight.2 billion, reportedly reduced) by means of big margins. once Edward Snowden’s revelations of NSA spying on Brazil’s government killed Boeing’s chances, there become no center ground. The Rafale’s stated $10.2 billion buy + upkeep total made it 70% greater high priced than Saab’s Gripen. Brazil’s economic slowdown, and the Rousseff executive’s focus on entitlement spending, made that charge chasm a large element. Dassault issued a terse statement pointing out the presence of US parts on Gripens, and positioning the Rafale in a unique league. Which may or may now not be proper, however it’s certainly authentic that global fighter buys have traditionally been heavily weighted toward a much less-high priced league. Gripen is within that low to mid funds, and Rafale isn’t. Sources: DID full record, “F-X2: Brazil Picks Saab’s JAS-39 Gripen-NG over Rafale, super Hornet” || See additionally: Dassault, “FX2 contest – 2013/12/18” | Le Monde, “A qui la France peut-elle encore vendre le Rafale?” | Reuters, “France soothes nerves over Dassault jets after Brazil setback”.
Loss in Brazil
Dec 10/13: Sub-contractors. PTI stories that Dassault Aviation and India’s NYSE-listed Reliance Industries are planning to installation a Bangalore facility to supply Rafale wings for India’s future order, and reportedly have the approvals they need to accomplish that. the power would reportedly charge about INR 10 billion ($248 million) to construct, however the extremely-contemporary facility would leave Reliance in a strong position to leverage extra civil and defense-connected aerospace work. that might be a new sector for Reliance, however Dassault is impressed with them, and reportedly desired to use Reliance as the Rafale’s leading Indian manufacturing contractor.
India’s govt insisted on the state-owned HAL as an alternative, but Dassault may additionally still see a larger chance. If Reliance can produce satisfactory assemblies at a cost discounts, outsourcing some creation for future orders could assist Dassault lower their cost per jet, while meeting India’s targets for industrial offsets. Sources: FirstPost.business, “Reliance, Dassault may also be part of palms to make wings for Rafale fighter jets”.
Nov 26/13: Qatar. La Tribune cites a number of French export alternatives in Qatar, including 22 NH90 transport/naval helicopters (bought), up to 480 VBCI wheeled infantry combating vehicles, Gowind ASW corvettes, FREMM air defense frigates, and SAMP/T Mamba air and missile defense systems.
The Rafale has been helped by using the US’s failure to reply to the fighter RFP (q.v. Nov 10/13), and their Swedish Gripen competitor wasn’t even invited to bid. Qatar already uses French weapons on their Mirage 2000s, and their defense purchases are a long way simpler than India’s, leading to optimism that the Rafale’s 1st export sale might take location within the middle East. If Qatar in fact does want a combined fleet, the Rafale’s competition narrows to only the Eurofighter. Sources: La Tribune, “La France au Moyen-Orient (3/5) : le Qatar premier client du Rafale?”.
Nov 10/13: Qatar. Qatar’s competitors will be delayed because the US Dept. of State couldn’t get their act collectively in time to concern all the crucial export approvals. The QEAF is asking to change their 12 Mirage 2000D opponents and 6 combat ready Alpha Jet light plane, but the nearby’s starting to be risks are pushing them towards a larger purchase. A cut up purchase inside their highest total of 72 is considered as a true chance, and some observers even see a potential split buy among the many preliminary planned set of 36 planes. The initial decision become speculated to come down through the conclusion of 2013, but will now take region in mid-2014.
Dassault already has a foothold right here, and the Qataris are precisely the kind of client they deserve to win. Eurofighter buys in Saudi Arabia and Oman have opened the door within the Gulf, and a UAE flip toward the platform might cement it as the Gulf Cooperation Council’s future general. On the flip facet, Rafale wins in the UAE and Qatar might open doorways to tougher GCC purchasers like Bahrain and Kuwait.
the USA State branch was reportedly wrestling with a pair of Boeing platforms as alternatives: the F/A-18 tremendous Hornet, and the F-15 Strike Eagle family unit. The later community contains the stealth-more desirable F-15SE, as well as the Saudis’ new F-15SA ordinary. despite ongoing rumors involving activity in the F-35 stealth fighter, protection news reviews that it isn’t an element yet. Sources: defense news, “US Bid Delays Qatar Jet competition”.
October 2013: want for Exports. As France is engaged on its 2014-19 protection finances legislations, the deserve to finalize an export order becomes ever greater acute. to fulfill the French government’s baseline fiscal state of affairs, 7 out of eleven planes delivered in 2016 would already have to move abroad, which capability a company order needs to be locked in by mid-2014 as jets for international customers would have their own configuration. France’s DGA procurement agency pays for Rafales in 3 installments. If exports don’t pan out in time, they can also ought to face elaborate money management alternate-offs. source : Les Echos, Rafale : le plan B de Dassault et de la DGA [in French] | LPM 2014-19: MINDEF, Legifrance [both in French].
October 17/13: India. Deputy chief of air workforce Air Marshal S. Sukumar talked about all through a convention that the contract with Dassault may be finalized before the end of the govt’s existing fiscal yr, which ends on March 31st, 2014. Sukumar is a former flying teacher with 4,000+ flight hours who took his current job in December last year. Dassault changed into really hoping to get this performed in 2013, however the sudden death of chief negotiator Arun Kumar Bal on October 2 need to no longer have helped an already gradual procedure. supply: Reuters, India to finalize Rafale deal this fiscal yr.
October 2013: Canada. Yves Robins, a senior vice-president for corporate communications at Dassault Aviation, pitched Diane Finley, Canada’s Minister of Public Works and executive features, all the way through an Aerospace Summit luncheon. Robins advised Canada to run a full competition to change its CF-18s and played the commercial cooperation card with the aid of reminding the minister that Dassault buys engines from Pratt & Whitney Canada for its Falcon business jets, and promising full expertise and highbrow property switch.
Mr. Robins is normal with the fact Canada thus far chosen the JSF with out a contest, as this came up when he met with the country wide Defence Committee in Parliament 3 years ago. at the time Robins insisted on the Rafale’s open design which would let it host Canada’s US-made weapons, even though he refrained to claim how a whole lot that would add to the rate tag. Montreal Gazette: Aviation execs searching for extensive open competitors for Canada’s fighter jet contract | national Defence Committee on Nov. 4th, 2010.
Sept 19/13: 4th tranche. The French DGA confirms that they’ve got the first “4e tranche” Rafale, a twin-sea Rafale-B for the air drive. It contains the brand new RBE2-AA AESA radar, an enhanced electronic conflict device, and upgraded IFF. All are a part of the “Rafale F3R,” however Meteor missile integration won’t occur unless 2018.
The DGA also offers a picture of deliveries thus far: 121 plane, together with 38 Rafale-Ms, plus 44 Rafale-C and 39 twin-seat Rafale-B warring parties for the air force. source: French DGA.
Sept 13/13: Weapons. Russia’s Tactical Missile organization (TRV) informed journalists at MAKS 2013 that they’re negotiating with Dassault Aviation for the feasible use of their missiles on India’s Rafales. India bought MBDA’s MICA air-to-air missiles for its Mirage 2000s, and Paveway-II guided bombs are already in use by the IAF, however Rafale-compatible weapons don’t in any other case function prominently in India’s present shares.
The ability to use Russian weapons would assist the Rafale in some export competitions, nonetheless it doesn’t come at no cost. unless the TRV/Dassault partnership develops a familiar Weapon Interface for TRV’s items, and possibly modifies a number of the missiles themselves, that form of integration and checking out is time-ingesting and expensive. How a good deal less expensive than buying new weapons? And what’s the means/ reliability payoff if India buys French products in its place? That’s what negotiations, and Indian business analysts, need to investigate. Sources: TRV items web page, by the use of WayBack 2013 | AIN, “Russian Missiles for India’s Rafales?”
June 20/13: India. IANS stories that India’s Minister of State for Defence Jitendra Singh informed an audience at the fiftieth Paris Air demonstrate that the Rafale deal:
“…isn't caught anyplace. it's the biggest deal of its kind in the world and, of course, a really complex one too. they're speaking to HAL and the private sector companies in India as well; so it is progressing…”
In his first Le Bourget
as Dassault CEO, Eric Trappier had made an analogous-sounding observation a week earlier.
June 20/13: Qatar. AFP says that the center japanese Emirate intends to launch its RFP for 24-36 combatants “soon.” They personal a fleet of Mirage 2000-5s, which recently flew to implement the no-fly zone over Libya.
French President Hollande will discuss with Doha for prime-level economic talks on June 22, and France has shut ties with the Emirate, however the Qataris aren’t waiting round. They reportedly spent time in may additionally 2013 evaluating the Eurofighter twister with the RAF, and should quickly host a Eurofighter group in-country for flight trials. Boeing additionally is still within the combine. Agence France Presse.
June 12/13: French protection minister Jean-Yves Le Drian reminds Dassault that they will need to count on exports after French orders are completed. they could’t be all that shocked, given a minimum delivery of 11 planes per 12 months, and the April 29/13 White Paper’s discount of the French fleet to 225 planes.
With 180 already ordered and one hundred twenty obtained, orders will cease someday between 2016-2019, probably in 2017. The issue with these forms of public reminders is that they make negotiations greater problematic for Dassault, and can come to be decreasing export earnings as a substitute of spurring them. even so, there had been experiences of frustration in Paris over Dassault’s pricing and flexibility; if authentic, this sort of public reminder is a technique to ship a message. L’Usine Nouvelle [in French].
can also 16/13: Meteor. The Rafale team continues to work on integrating MBDA’s Meteor long-latitude air-to-air missile in time for 2018, as a way to make the Rafale the last core platform to become operational. it's going to also be the most effective platform with a 1-way datalink, as Rafale uses the equal transmit-only system for MICA and Meteor.
Saab’s JAS-39 Gripens will be operational by using 2014, and Eurofighter GmbH eventually signed a June 2013 contract with a 2017 in-service date. each opponents may have 2-means datalinks.
Late might also will see over-water free up trials start at the Cazaux flight look at various centre, with 2 assessments (high-g, and high perspective of assault) scheduled before the conclusion of 2013. the 1st controlled and boosted launch is slated for 2015. France positioned an initial order for 200 Meteors in January 2011, and missile construction begun in June 2012. Flight international.
April 28/13: Coming cuts. France releases their protection white paper (Livre Blanc) for 2013, which goals to set their force constitution to 2025. With respect to the air property, via 2025 they’re planning for:
“…les forces aériennes comprendront notamment 225 avions de fight (air et marine), ainsi qu’une cinquantaine d’avions de transport tactique, 7 avions de détection et de surveillance aérienne, 12 avions ravitailleurs multirôles, 12 drones de surveillance de théâtre, des avions légers de surveillance et de reconnaissance et eight systèmes sol-air de moyenne portée.”
Translation: 225 combatants (all Rafale, cut from 234), about 50 tactical transport plane (A400Ms and CN-235s), 7 E-3F AWACS planes, 12 A330 MRTT aerial tankers and transports, 12 MALE drones and an unspecified variety of easy surveillance planes, and eight SAMP/T lengthy-range air and missile defense batteries. be aware that original plans for the Rafale had concerned 294 planes. Livre Blanc 2013 [PDF, in French].
March eight/13: Brazil. Brazil has requested the 3 F-X2 finalists to lengthen their bids for another 6 months from the March 30/13 deadline, as the Brazilian commodity economic climate continues to be mired in a 2-12 months slump. The rivals had hoped for a decision by the point Brazil’s LAAD 2013 expo opened in April.
The size of the cumulative delays might create changes for the bids, and it easily squashes any faint hopes that the new jets would be able to fly in time for the 2014 World Cup. Reuters.
Feb 25/13: With Rafales flying fight missions again, in Mali, Jane’s studies that France will designate a new circular of more advantageous Rafales as “F3R”. They’ll encompass an important utility upgrade that allows the aircraft to take fuller talents of the brand new Thales RBE2-AA AESA radar, improves their Thales SPECTRA self-defence methods, adds Mode-5/Mode-S in a position Identification chum or Foe, and enables the Rafale to set up MBDA’s Meteor lengthy range air-to-air missile. IHS Jane’s.
Feb 7/13: India. whereas a French Rafale-B performs at Aero India 2013, negotiations grind on. India’s defence minister, A k Antony, describes negotiations as a 6-7 layer method, which then must be sent to the Ministry of Finance. There may be no deal all over Aero India, because the contract simply isn’t able. Antony provides that coming defense finances cuts received’t prolong the Rafale deal, but an election looms in 2014.
India’s financial specific cites anonymous “tremendously positioned sources” who say that ultimate friction contains industrial considerations. The Dassault team that visited the HAL facility in Nashik were observed to had been disenchanted via the infrastructure in vicinity, and concerned that HAL could have hindrance absorbing the necessary technology. They’re also reportedly wrestling with India’s insistence on giving HAL ‘lead integrator’ accountability for choices about workshare with different groups, while sticking Dassault with average responsibility for the undertaking. The French try to use the RFP as a starting point for discussions, while India insists that the RFP’s terms are the last be aware. financial times | monetary categorical.
Jan 28/13: PDL NG The DGA commits a EUR fifty five million possibility discount contract for Thales to increase the subsequent-era PDL NG surveillance and concentrated on pod, because the successor to the Damocles pod. an extra EUR 115 million tranche is anticipated through 12 months conclusion, and deliveries are anticipated to take location starting in about 5 years, from 2018-2022.
The DGA touts this as a boost to the export beauty of French fighter jets, which is true. focused on pods have turn into such a vital ancillary that the Rafale can’t truly remain competitive without one that meets up to date excessive-end requisites. It’s very nearly a part of the Fighter’s existence-cycle modernization plan. Damocles’ 320 x 240 IR resolution is much in the back of the 1280 x 1024 arrays in present Sniper SE or LITENING SE pods, and desires improvement. not like its European rivals, which use LITENING-III pods from Israel, France is conserving full handle over the know-how and exportability by using designing its personal.
The dangerous information is twofold. One is that the Rafale will acquire a pod in 2018 whose doubled-scan 640 x 520 array (without difficulty 1280 x 1040) is roughly equal to Sniper-SE and LITENING-SE pods being delivered in 2013. high design modularity ensures that both of its rivals will proceed to evolve, swapping in stronger sensors and new technologies by the point PDL-NG looks.
The 2nd bit of unhealthy information is that France’s deserve to do that themselves consequences in a remaining expected can charge per focused on pod of EUR 10 million, to be able to equip the French Rafale fleet with 45. Exports may aid increase PDL-NG creation, however first the Rafale need to win some overseas orders. India, whose Mirage 2000s have become lifestyles extensions, is a crucial target for both the Rafale and PDL-NG – and a dedicated customer for RAFAEL’s LITENING pod across a few of their fighter fleets. French DGA | Les Echos | Usine Nouvelle.
PDL-NG pod development2012
Thales MAESTRO upkeep contract; favourite in India; not taking “no” for an answer in Switzerland; Rafale with AESA radar delivered.
Rafale-M(click on to view full)
Oct 30/12: From Damocles to PDL NG. The unofficial website Rafale information prices the existing concern of Air & Cosmos (N°2305), who says that the Rafale’s future surveillance and targeting pod won’t be an upgraded Damocles pod, whose 320×240 infrared sensor is very small in comparison to opponents.
as a substitute, France is reportedly planning to invest EUR 450 million to boost and produce forty five PDL NGs (Pod de Designation Laser Nouvelle generation), to equip both Rafales and Mirage 200Ds. the new pods will reportedly have a 1280×1024 equal IR decision, through the use of a 640×560 array plus a micro-scanning approach. improved GPS/INS geolocation can have accuracy that matches the new AASM wise bombs. in terms of its shape and design, PDL NG is expected to offer service landing compatibility, and provide a lessen radar go-part.
Oct 4-10/12: Meteor. Rafale B301, operating from Cazaux DGA Flight examine core in southwestern France, effectively completes 2 a hit assessments of the Meteor long-latitude air-to-air missile.
Oct 2/12: Thales and Dassault bring the 1st creation Rafale geared up with the RBE2-AA AESA radar, an air force Rafale C. plane C137’s delivery makes the Rafale the 1st European fighter in provider with an AESA radar, notwithstanding older American designs (F-15 retrofits, F-sixteen E/F, F/A-18E/F Block II) have had this equipment for a few years now. French DGA [in French] | Thales neighborhood | Usine Nouvelle [in French].
1st Rafale with AESA
Sept 27/12: Media are forecasting a signed M-MRCA fighter cope with India earlier than the conclusion of their fiscal year, in April 2013. That’s actually feasible, however India’s heritage suggests that one of these expectation is a very harmful bet. Usine Nouvelle [in French].
Sept 20/12: Exocet qualified. The French Navy qualifies the air-launched AM39 Exocet anti-ship missile on its Rafale combatants, the usage of Rafale-M quantity 27 launched from FS Charles de Gaulle [R 91]. The firing situations have been deemed to be thoroughly representative of an operational mission. MBDA.
Aug 23/12: India. L’Usine Nouvelle say that any India deal might be carried out as a sequence of agreements to supply particular objects, with the scope starting to be over time. They also say that over 50% of preliminary production will remain in France, even after the preliminary 18 fighters are delivered, until Indian construction expands. past the engines, which might be very more likely to remain in France, the article cites advanced electronics, and especially Thales RBE2-AA AESA radar, as being intricate to switch. India’s failure with its Tejas fighter’s multi-mode radar, which changed into a generation in the back of AESA, does lend credence to that view.
in the meantime, totally positioned Russian and German sources say that India and Russia are having quandary coming to settlement on know-how switch and value, and say that the M-MRCA competitors isn’t closed yet. The Hindu | IBN are living | times of India | L’Usine Nouvelle [in French].
July 11/12: India. Indian defense minister Antony conveniently ends rivalry over the Rafale’s selection as L1, the bottom evaluated bid. Replying to the Feb 27/12 letter from Rajya Sabha member MV Mysura Reddy:
“The considerations raised by using you were examined by way of independent displays who've concluded that the method and methodology adopted by way of the Contract Negotiations Committee (CNC) in the contrast of the commercial proposals thus far, had been most economical and appropriate and within the terms of the Request for Proposals (RFR) and Defence Procurement procedure, 2006.”
India’s historical past shows that here is a big moment for the M-MRCA application, preventing its derailment and allowing negotiations towards a contract to proceed. Hindustan times.
July 9/12: Sim improve. Thales broadcasts that France’s DGA procurement company has permitted the 1st F3.2 simulator upgrade, to the primary 2 cabins at the simulation centre in Saint-Dizier. The Rafale Transformation Squadron in Saint-Dizier has a total of four cabins, and the two upgraded simulators will faithfully replicate the F3 Rafale’s potential to make use of AM39 Exocet anti-ship missiles, ASMP/A nuclear missiles, the advanced Reco-NG surveillance pod, and the Damocles targeting pod.
the two cabins on the Rafale simulation core in Landivisiau should be upgraded to the F3.2 standard in the summer of 2013.
July 7/12: Brazil. The FAB has asked the 3 bidders (Boeing, Dassault & Saab) to renew their F-X2 fighter offers. It’s the 4th consecutive 6-month extension, whereas Brazil dithers over its alternative and the timing of the purchase. France24.
July 7/12: Wi-Fi of Doom. Raytheon broadcasts that it has integrated its twin-mode GBU-49 stronger Paveway II laser/GPS guided wise bombs onto France’s Rafale-M fighters, after successful exams at Bisacrosse. The Marine Nationale had been the use of the 250 kg weapons for six years on their trans-sonic super Etendard Modernisee naval fighters, and that they desired their supersonic naval Rafales to have the identical capacity. The challenge become how to do that without spending all the time and funds that full weapon integration usually requires.
Enter Raytheon’s WiPAK. The WiPAK package includes a small wireless transmitter within the cockpit, a pilot interface, and a small receiver affixed to the Paveway weapon. Raytheon VP Harry Schulte explains that “WiPAK uses wireless connectivity know-how akin to what is being used in computer and pill computers.” with a bit of luck, it’s greater resistant to jamming. Raytheon describes WiPAK as “a fight confirmed device, used operationally on counterinsurgency aircraft.”
The checks open the door to competitors in opposition t Safran’s rising twin-mode SBU-sixty four AASM Hammer smart bombs. France’s air force already uses GBU-49s from their Mirage 2000D combatants, so the same conversion for AdlA Rafale-B/Cs is an obvious chance.
July 2/12: Crash. A Rafale-M aboard FS Charles de Gaulle crashes all over workouts with the U.S.Eisenhower’s F/A-18s. The pilot ejected, and American helicopters picked him up and transfer him to the de Gaulle. The reason for the crash is below investigation. US Navy | French MdlD [in French] | Navy cognizance | Usine Nouvelle [in French].
April 20/12: Refit. The DGA’s Christophe Carpentier discusses some of the complexities worried within the 10-plane Rafale-M refit, which is upgrading these F1 plane to an F3 regular to be able to add precision floor assault, reconnaissance, and even nuclear warhead start to their capabilities. The greatest problem is that the enhancements take area on the Rafale production line, so careful scheduling is essential to keep away from disrupting new-aircraft creation. French MdlD [in French]. See also Nov 30/09 entry.
March 30/12: 1st RBE2-AA. Thales announces that they have got delivered the first RBE2-AA AESA radar to the Dassault Aviation construction line in Merignac, France. The radar will now be put in on Rafale C137, which is scheduled for birth to the French defence procurement agency (DGA) in summer 2012.
A finished three-month flight check software performed on the Istres air base has already been held to display the radar’s efficiency, and the RBE2 AESA radar became delivered according to the contract agenda.
March 22/12: Rafale exports. Dassault CEO Charles Edelstenne discusses the Rafale’s export considerations, while taking advantage of the Rafale’s win in opposition t the Eurofighter in India. His characterization is unpromising, in view that it concedes American dominance of the international fighter market, leaving the Rafale as the choice of nations that don’t purchase American, or make decreased dependence on American arms a precedence.
There’s some truth to this, as shown by way of Dassault’s event in South Korea. even so, it’s additionally proper that the Rafale has lost export competitions over fee and technical points. Usine Nouvelle [in French]
March 22/12: India. Indian Defence minister A.ok. Antony orders the Ministry to probe the entire allegations made by means of Rajya Sabha (Parliamentary upper house) member M.V. Mysoora Reddy. The Telgu Dessam celebration representative filed an official grievance on Feb 27/12, over alleged irregularities within the evaluation technique that targeted France’s Rafale as the L-1 lowest cost alternative for India. The probe is expected to prolong the system by using a few months, if nothing surfaces. If the claims get any traction, India’s procurement procedure may come to an entire halt. examine “India’s M-MRCA Fighter competition” for full coverage.
March 20/12: Canada? As Canada’s government offers conflicting alerts about its F-35A commitment, and braces for a scathing Auditor prevalent document about their pledged purchase, Dassault’s Rafale may also get an opening:
“The likeliest contenders, should there be a competition, are U.S.-based mostly Boeing, maker of the F-18 tremendous Hornet, and Dassault of France, maker of the Rafale… “In our world we’re already in a competition,” one trade insider spoke of. “(associate Defence Minister) Fantino himself said we’re really our alternate options. There’s a crew at (department of countrywide Defence) searching on the market. So it’s already on.”
regardless of this document, Canada’s considerable stockpile of yank-made air-to-air and air-to-floor weapons provides huge extra switching costs to an already-costly Rafale plane, and makes it a really unlikely challenger. put up Media.
Feb 22/12: UK Rafales? French DGA head Lauren Collet-Billon tells a press convention that the extent of provider cooperation with Britain will rely upon Britain’s ultimate plans and choices. With recognize to fighter jets, defense Aerospace costs him asserting that the F-35:
“…is an ambitious program, and like every ambitious classes it faces a couple of challenges… If sooner or later we need to lend Rafale Ms to the Royal Navy, why now not? in my view, I’d find that very pleasing.”
issues with the F-35 application are certainly inserting Britain in a bind, however charge considerations with the CVF carriers’ catapult retrofit can also make any catapult-launched fighter not easy for Britain.
Jan 31/12: India’s favorite airplane. Dassault’s Rafale is picked as the “L-1” lowest bidder for India’s 126-plane M-MRCA deal, even after the advanced lifestyles-cycle can charge and industrial calculations are thrown in. Some studies area its charge as $5 million decrease per aircraft. next steps encompass the negotiation of a contract, in parallel with parliamentary approval and budgeting. If a contract is signed, it would help prolong the Rafale’s production line past 2021, which is its current closure date without export orders.
until a contract is really signed, however, India’s procurement historical past reminds us that even a “close” deal is only 1 step above a indistinct intention. examine “India’s M-MRCA Fighter competitors” for full coverage.
India’s opt for
Jan 31/12: what's the Rafale to France? L’Usine Nouvelle’s article asks: “A quoi sert le Rafale?” – The short reply is that it’s at the coronary heart of French militia power because of its provider and nuclear roles, in addition to its important function in French regularly occurring wars. It’s additionally the economic heart of France’s advanced defense force aerospace research, accountable for big steps forward in French materials science, engine design, computing, sensors, and so on. at Dassault, Thales, and Snecma. not to mention over 500 sub-contractors, all of whom are made fearful by means of uncertainty. In total, the plane is declared to be responsible for 7,000 direct and oblique jobs.
unluckily, lack of exports is forcing added funding to maintain the Rafale creation line at its minimum. Which is delaying the plenty-mandatory modernization of France’s Mirage 2000D fleet, and starting to pose an operational chance for France.
Jan 29/12: Swiss cheese. Dassault makes Switzerland a brand new offer: 18 Rafale fighters for SFR 2.7 billion (EUR 2.24 billion, $2.ninety six billion), as a substitute of twenty-two Gripens for SFR 3.1 billion.
here is, frankly, the type of approach that has can charge Dassault income in other international locations. If this present is radically lower than Dassault’s earlier present to the Swiss, the Swiss may well be forgiven for asking what has modified, and why the old present become so high. meanwhile, submitting presents after a competition is executed doesn’t win many friends in defense force or ministry circles.
during this case, despite the fact, the viewers is the Swiss parliament, which is meant to begin discussing the fighter buy on Feb 13/12. Hans Hess of parliament’s security commission tested to Le Matin Dimanche that he had obtained the letter. What’s deeply troubling is that Swiss defence minister Ueli Maurer informed the Sonntags Zeitung that he wasn’t privy to the present. If that’s authentic, the decision to blindside the minister reflects much more poorly on the Dassault government in charge. That variety of conduct goes neatly beyond a standard political combat, and can create effective enemies whose grudges are deep, personal, and lasting. AFP via Yahoo | France 24.
Jan 10/12: help. Thales broadcasts a 10-12 months MAESTRO (MAintien en condition operationnelle des Equipements B et des moyens de Soutien Thales du Rafale Optimise) fastened-rate contract from France’s SIMMAD, with distinct availability metrics, to aid Thales machine on board French Rafales.
Thales introduced a 5-12 months base contract for that carrier on Feb 2/10, however that one was from Dassault, as a sub-contractor. This one is without delay with SIMMAD, alongside Dassault’s “Rafale Care” contract (vid. Dec 12/08), and stated deals with Snecma for engine upkeep (vid. Feb 24/10). below the phrases of this contract, Thales is liable for aiding the Rafale’s RBE2 radar, SPECTRA electronic battle gadget, avionics (displays, onboard computers, and many others.), optronics (OSF entrance-sector optronics, cameras, and so forth.) and conversation systems. They’ll also be in cost of optimizing alternative parts management, logistics administration, and gadget restore procedures; and should deploy technical and logistics advisers to work without delay on armed forces bases. Thales group.
efficiency in opposition t Libya; Swiss loss; Doubts in Dubai; Bulgaria RFI; growth for RBE2-AA radar, Reco NG pod.
Off to Libya after all…(click to view full)
Dec 1/11: Swiss Loss. Switzerland announces their alternative – and it’s Saab’s JAS-39 Gripen. Swiss Defence Minister Ueli Maurer estimates the charge of the envisaged deal at up to CHF three.1 billion (at the moment $three.5 billion, doubtless greater by means of 2014), for 22 planes. The DDPS explicitly stated that Gripen additionally gained because it provided reduce upkeep costs that made it reasonable over the medium and long run. Dassault wasn’t very chuffed, even though they did concede that the Gripen beat them on cost:
“The RAFALE’s capacities would enable the Swiss Confederation to meet its operational requirements with a smaller number of plane [emphasis DID’s] at an equal or reduce can charge, as turned into confirmed right through the assessments… The “Swiss-tailored” GRIPEN simplest exists on paper. Its technical construction and construction risk significantly increasing the monetary efforts required of the Swiss Authorities to accomplish the nation’s fighter plane application. RAFALE foreign extends its trustworthy thanks the 250 Swiss groups that took half in its industrial partnership venture in the 26 cantons of the Swiss Confederation.”
The subsequent step is for the DDPS and Saab to negotiate a draft contract, together with details of the mandatory matching price (100%) industrial offsets application in Switzerland. Contract options are scheduled for presentation by way of February 2012, whereupon the equipment can be proposed to the Swiss country wide parliament as part of the 2012 weapons plan. The catch is that the purchase requires about CHF 600 million in discounts from somewhere else. The executive’s strategy is apparently to tie that reductions program to the fighter order if a referendum is required, and even the inspiration isn’t anticipated earlier than 2013. This potential that it’s more likely to be 2014 before Saab has a production contract they can depend on. Swiss DDPS in French | German | Italian || Saab group | Rafale overseas | Agence France Presse | Flight international’s The DEW Line.
Nov sixteen/eleven: What’s up in the UAE? The UAE is both engaged within the mom of all hardball negotiations, or the skills Rafale sale is crashing. in the meantime, the UAE may well be about to reduce its deliberate new jet order and buy greater F-16E/F Block 60s, in spite of what occurs subsequent. read “Derailed Denouement in Dubai: What’s Up With the UAE’s Fighter Deal?” for a photograph.
June 20/11: defense news’ Paris 2011 display Scout covers Dassault executive chairman Charles Edelstenne’s comments re: the Rafale & M-MRCA. It includes this vital aspect:
“The French executive has made export of the Rafale a “priority” as a result of the perceived magnitude of the fighter trade in political, technological and economic terms, and additionally as a result of the domestic budgetary wants, Edelstenne referred to. France has written into its protection budgets export of the Rafale, and if those overseas income fail to appear, funding ought to be discovered from different protection programs to finance an annual output of 11 aircraft, the minimal deemed for financial feel.”
may additionally 31/eleven: Libya document. within the wake of a 2-day tour of the Rafale detachment at Solenzara, Corsica, which flies France’s missions over Libya, Giovanni de Briganti of defense Aerospace submits a document. As one might think about, the tour wasn’t conducted to showcase sadness, however the reviews do present a couple of effective tidbits.
One is that the Rafale has now emerged as the multi-function plane it become promised to be, the use of Damocles focused on pods, advanced Reco NG reconnaissance pods, GPS guided weapons, and more. The different is that the Rafale is now moving France out of slender squadron stovepipes, and towards the entire multi-position orientation america all started embracing in the Nineties. lacking American components, the French AdlA is even being pushed towards the next step of that orientation, the place stovepipes spoil down completely and one airplane can also fly SEAD(suppression of enemy air defenses), precision strike, air superiority, and reconnaissance tasks inside a single sortie. whether coached or serendipitous, the pilots’ special praise for his or her air conditioning device, and ability to quote their SPECTRA integrated self-protection gadget’s protection when flying early missions deep into Libya, are additionally large. They’re 2 much less-obvious capabilities, however each are considered specially valuable by way of the Rafale’s surely consumers in Brazil, India, and the UAE. additional excerpts:
“Pilots… routinely take off with 4 MICA air-to-air missiles, three or six AASM Hammer precision-guided bombs, a Thales Damocles laser focused on pod or a Reco NG reconnaissance pod and two drop tanks… [for a] six- or seven-hour sortie… “Two Rafales lift as much ordnance as two Mirage 2000-5 and four Mirage 2000D combined,” notes [pilot] Pierre G., adding that their sensor capabilities “are a great deal greater even than that.”… “MICA isn't just a missile, it’s an extra sensor as well,” says Pierre G., and its detection range is an awful lot longer than frequently supposed…
Transit to Libya is flown at 50% energy environment, which interprets to Mach 0.9 cruise pace even with six AASM bombs and two huge underwing drop tanks… considering that Operation Harmattan (the French designation for implementing the Libya No-Fly Zone) started on March 19, the detachment has flown 2,200 flight hours with over 1,500 in-flight refuellings… aircraft flip-round, even with live weapons on board, requires only 90 minutes and an engine exchange requires one hour, however none have been changed all the way through existing operations… upkeep necessities of the Rafale are about 25% lower than for the Mirage 2000, and there's no scheduled or preventive preservation; maintenance relies upon best on the type of mission flown, and on the circumstance of add-ons… detachment commander Lt. Col. Pierre G. says that the provision expense is close to a hundred%.”
See also: Flight foreign.
April 27/eleven: India finalist. After a detailed name where it become virtually drummed out of India’s future fighter competitors, the Rafale rallies. India’s M-MRCA competitors is now a one-on-one duel between the Rafale, and EADS/ BAE/ Finmeccanica’s Eurofighter typhoon.
Feb 15/11: AREOS Reco NG. because the Rafale F3 prepares to take over the reconnaissance position from older Mirage F1 and tremendous Etendard planes, it's preparing to thoroughly qualify Thales’ new digital AREOS Reco NG pod. The French air drive has already ordered 12, and the Navy eight. Now, battlefield trials in response to 100 verify flights enabled the CEAM military plane look at various center to validate the pod for primary employment, from land and from plane carriers.
The 1,100 kg/ 2,420 pound AREOS Reco NG pod is four.6 meters/ 15 feet lengthy, and may als be deployed on the Mirage 2000 if needed. Its identification range of several tens of kilometers is 2-3x the range of the Presto pod presently deployed on Mirage F1CR aircraft in Afghanistan, and it dietary supplements high and medium altitude coverage with a low-altitude sensor that supports high speed horizon to horizon photography at an altitude of simplest 60 m/ 200 feet. The pod operates immediately, within its intermittent, zone coverage or terrain-following modes, and all the time is aware of its actual place in area, thanks to an inertial reference gadget, correlated with data from the Rafales nav-assault system. As quickly because the photographs are taken, they're automatically overlaid on a digital elevation mannequin, geo-referenced, and assembled to give a complete mosaic, then saved on a hard disk within the pod. They can also be also transmitted to a ground photograph receiving and processing station in precise time, via a high-speed microwave hyperlink. The pod can additionally function in video mode through the use of successive photographs, and estimate a relocating object’s speed.
the primary Rafale/ AEROS crews from operational instruments have been educated at CEAM in summer season 2010. a number of weeks later, the system reached its initial operational capability, and is now deployed on the FS Charles-de-Gaulle plane carrier. with the aid of the end of the 2011, it is going to open its operating envelope to encompass terrain following during penetration flights, at which point it'll officially be in carrier with full operational capabilities. Dassault.
RECO NG pod capable
Feb 9/11: RBE2-AA. Thales declares that “a finished programme of flight tests performed between September and December 2010” have validated its new AESA RBE2 radar for the Rafale. The announcement makes the Rafale the primary of the four+ technology European opponents to qualify with an AESA radar.
by means of confirming that the radar’s performance complies with the “Roadmap” contract, awarded by the French DGA, Thales can start sequence construction for setting up into the Rafale Tranche 4 planes that had been ordered in 2009, and may be delivered through Dassault Aviation to the French Air drive beginning in 2013.
Feb 4/eleven: Bulgaria RFI. Bulgaria concerns another fighter replacement RFI, soliciting advice from Boeing (F/A-18E/F), Dassault (Rafale, Mirage 2000), EADS (Eurofighter), Lockheed Martin (F-sixteen), and Saab (JAS-39 Gripen) re: eight new and/or second-hand fighter jets, to replace its existing fleet of 12 MiG-21s.
Bulgaria issued a similar RFI in 2006, for 20 jets, but the global financial crash, and Bulgaria’s own concerns in trying to pay for previous defense purchases, pressured a hold. The protection Ministry has taken pains to emphasise that here's simply an exploratory request, and isn't the beginning of a purchase gentle. nonetheless, November 2010 noticed the formation of a national steering Committee and an built-in venture team, to draft preliminary fighter replacement operational, technical, and tactical requirements. That followed October 2010 remarks by means of Bulgaria’s defense Minister Anyu Angelov, who mentioned spending BGN 1 billion (round $725 million) for the purchase of an doubtful variety of new fighter jets to change its MiG-21s, while modernizing its fleet of sixteen MiG-29A air superiority jets. Sofia information company.
Jan 6/eleven: UAE. French media record that all the way through a vsit to Paris in mid-December 2010, UAE defense force commander Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan asked France to resume its concept to promote up to 60 Rafales to the UAE.
The contemporary purchase of 200 Meteor missiles by using the French government reportedly eliminated one of the crucial UAE’s considerations. different device just like the Damocles concentrated on pod has been built-in late, as a result of price range constraints, but the French buy ensures that this gained’t occur to the long-range Meteor missile as well. A partial squadron of Rafale F3s equipped with Reco NG and Damocles pods is reportedly operating from a brand new French base in Abu Dhabi, in guide of deployments to Afghanistan as neatly as the UAE sale. That still leaves concerns of AESA radar capabilities, improvements to the Snecma M88 engines, disposal of the UAE’s 60+ plane Mirage 200 fleet, and probably airline landing rights near Paris as items of rivalry.
nonetheless, both Qatar and Kuwait have early-tiers courses going to select new fighters for their air forces, and the UAE is a really respected and influential weapons buyer within the place. A sale to the UAE would make an incredible difference to Dassault, and the UAE would reap royalties if Rafales with its requested further elements are purchased by means of different international locations. Aviation Week | Reuters | UAE’s The country wide.2010
Nuclear-competent Rafales; Qatar opportunity; Kuwaiti interest & opposition; UAE breaks negotiations; Algeria goes for SU-30s; M88 engine advancements; ACMI upgrade for pink Flag pastime; active stealth?; Rafale-M crash; Joint French AF/Navy practicing.
Rafale-M(click to view full)
Dec sixteen/10: UAE. Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed al Nahyan and French President Nicolas Sarkozy reportedly discussed the competencies Rafale deal in Paris during the Prince’s seek advice from. Negotiations aren’t formally on once again yet, but this is a variety of development. TopNews Arab Emirates | Reuters.
Nov 29/10: Splash one. The French MINDEF publicizes that a Rafale F3 from FS Charles de Gaulle crashes as a result of a mechanical failure, in Pakistani territorial waters one hundred km offshore, following a mission over Afghanistan. MdlD unencumber:
“Dimanche 28 novembre 2010, en debut d’une mission d’appui aérien en Afghanistan, un pilote de Rafale qui opérait depuis le porte-avions Charles de Gaulle , s’est ejecté de son avion en mer, au gigantic du Pakistan.”
The pilot become recovered by way of helicopter, and is receiving medical medicine. An inquiry is being carried out into the accident.
Nov 17/10: software charge change. The French Senat’s international affairs and defense committee releases a record on the draft finances legislations for 2012. It updates the Rafale program to EUR forty three.fifty six billion over 40 years at 2011 fees, including each buy and building expenses for all 286 forecast aircraft. That’s a EUR 2.86 billion enhance from the old EUR forty.7 billion, and raises the per-plane software charge (akin to america’s PAUC determine) to EUR 152 million.
Some inflation factored into this increase, however other increases concerned the F3/F4 average’s expertise, together with upgraded M88 engines, the RBE2-AA AESA radar, the Damocles laser designation pod, the Reco NG reconnaissance pod.
within the instant term, about EUR 1.1 billion in 2011-2013 increases stem from the Rafale’s lack of exports, which forced France to boost its 2009-2014 order by means of 17 planes with a purpose to fund the aircraft’s minimal creation rate. this is an uncomfortable position for France; the duration’s orders now stand at 69. L’Usine Nouvelle [in French]
Nov 15/10: UAE. France’s La Tribune reveals [in French] why the UAE broke off negotiations, and the brand new circumstance they’ve added for the sale:
“Après avoir gelé les négociations pourtant très avancées au coeur de l’été en raison d’un article dans “Le Figaro”, propriété de Dassault, qui a fortement déplu, Abu Dhabi a récemment rajouté dans les discussions une nouvelle exigence pour acquérir le Rafale. Selon plusieurs sources concordantes, les Emiratis mettent désormais dans la stability des droits de trafic supplémentaires (autorisations de vols) en France, essentiellement à Roissy, pour leurs compagnies aériennes Emirates (Dubai) et surtout Etihad, le transporteur d’Abu Dhabi.”
Translation: The UAE suspended Rafale negotiations because of an article in Le Figaro, which Dassault’s ownership structure also owns. need to have been reasonably some article.
the brand new situation might be standard to Canadians – the UAE desires to double the number of reserved slots for Emirates airways and Etihad Airways at Roissy airport, France main passenger hub near Paris. France had rejected this request when it turned into made currently, as its country wide airline Air France objected. In Canada’s case, the request changed into to double slots at Pearson airport in Toronto, the country’s busiest and greatest passenger hub. Air Canada objected, Canada refused, and in October 2010, the UAE kicked Canada out of its “Camp Mirage” base, and denied overflight rights for Canada’s defense minister on his approach to Afghanistan.
Nov eight/10: Qatar. Aviation Week reports that Qatar plans to select its new fighter in 2012, and the Rafale is a contender to exchange the existing Mirage 2000v5 fleet:
“The measurement of the program remains under dialogue, with 24-36 combatants prone to be received… The service is evaluating a large spectrum of plane, including the Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, Boeing F/A-18E/F tremendous Hornet and F-15, Eurofighter typhoon and Dassault Rafale, says Al-Khayarin. Saab officials note they even have entered the competitors [with their JAS-39NG].”
Oct four/10: UAE suspended. French media verify that negotiations with the UAE for up to 60 Rafale combatants were suspended. issues reportedly protected the range of enhancements requested, and linked phrases if they’re bought in future plane; and requests that Dassault trade the UAE’s 63 Mirage 2000s as a part of a deal. Usine Nouvelle preliminary article and follow-up [in French].
Sept 13/10: UAE. defense news experiences that The UAE has requested technical counsel on the Boeing F/A-18E/F super Hornet. An unnamed source cites no need to Strengthen the platform extra, which might evade a $2+ billion effort to Strengthen the Rafale with an extended-range AESA radar, improved digital warfare methods, and uprated engines. having said that, the UAE has viewed returns on such tendencies earlier than, by the use of royalties when the Mirage 2000v5s it helped to boost had been sold overseas.
defense news says that it’s “now not automatically clear why the UAE is exploring a U.S.-made option.” It could be know-how. It may well be politics. Or, it could just be wise negotiating strategies.
Aug 7/10: India. India’s times Now news show studies that the M-MRCA trials will depart only Dassault’s Rafale and EADS’ Eurofighter in the race. There isn't any official affirmation. Brahmand | Livefist.
June 22/10: Joint French working towards. The third COMORAC (COMite d’ORientation de l’Aviation de Chasse) meets, because the French Air force and Navy focus on joint administration of Rafale practising. They signal an agreement setting up an ETR (Escadron de Transformation Rafale), which would serve each branches from the St. Dizier air base, beginning in September 2010. Rafale-M and Rafale-B pilots will now have a common preliminary processing and practicing, and initial personnel assignments are beginning.
part of the co-ordination effort also includes work at the Istres-Le bathé air base near exceptional. it will take over land-based mostly service landing simulations from the nearby Naval Air Station Nimes Garons, which additionally serves as a civilian airport. These initial advancements will be made all over the summer time 2010, with the intention of having the French carrier’s air wing embark at Istres beginning in September 2010. French Navy [in French].
June 6/10: Nuclear strike competent. France publicizes the Rafale B operational in the nuclear strike position with EdC 1/91 at St. Dizier-Robinson air base. The Rafale will at last change all 62 Mirage 2000Ns as the launch platform for France’s ramjet-powered ASMP-A nuclear missile, which has a 500-600 km latitude and is carried on the centerline pylon. fight plane, August 2010.
March 22/10: M88 upgrade. the first examine flight of a Rafale fighter powered by means of the Snecma M88-4E “TCO Pack” engine takes region for 1:30 on the Istres air base in southern France. In January 2008, French defense procurement company DGA awarded Snecma the “TCO Pack” contract to enrich the M88-2 engine, editing the excessive-power compressor and turbine and increasing service existence and time between inspections.
the first floor check of the engine turned into carried out in September 2009. construction engines are actually undergoing floor efficiency and endurance assessments, and a series of altitude chamber checks was completed in late February 2010. The engine has been on 10 examine flights, and the check software comprises some 70 flights in 2010, with different engine configurations. Qualification and start of the primary production-usual M88-4E is now slated for the conclusion of 2011. Snecma release.
April 29/10: UAE. Arabian Aerospace magazine repeats long-standing rumors that Dassault/ France should be requested to buy again, or find a buyer for, the UAE’s 62 Mirage 2000v9 plane, as a circumstance of a Rafale sale. The article goes on to element the Mirage 2000v9’s capabilities and key gadget alterations from past fashions; many revolve across the incorporation of know-how that turned into also used on the Rafale.
April 5/10: No win in Algeria. appears like the always-slim Algerian possibility for Rafale has vanished. RIA Novosti studies that Algeria will exchange its rejected MiG-29s with SU-30MKA plane, to enhance 28 much less-refined SU-30MKs it has got below a 2006 deal.
April 5/10: energetic stealth? Aviation Week’s Air and Cosmos reviews that France is establishing lively stealth for the Rafale F5 (2 models hence). invoice Sweetman explains:
“active cancellation capability fighting a radar from detecting a goal by firing lower back a deception sign with the identical frequency as the reflection, however precisely one-half wavelength out of part with it. outcome: the again power reaching the radar has no frequency and might’t be detected. It’s fairly as complex as it sounds… This may not be the primary French try to enforce AC on the Rafale. on the Paris air exhibit in 1997, I interviewed a senior engineer at what turned into then Dassault Electronique… [DID: which became Thales, then Dassault became Thales’ largest private shareholder]”
Sweetman goes on to explain that Moore’s legislation of stronger processing vigour may additionally make the mission greater doable now. MBDA and Thales have considering that validated that they're working on energetic cancellation for missiles as part of the Rafale’s SPECTRA protective suite, and analysis during this area is underway in a number of other international locations.
April 2/10: Oman loss. Oman, which turned into all the time seen as a possible Eurofighter client however had been provided Rafales, confirms that it intends to purchase the Eurofighter. As of 2012, however, it has yet to sign a formal contract. study “British Eurofighters to Oman?” for full insurance.
April 1/10: SPECTRA. Aviation Week runs a picture taken by means of the new imaging infrared missile warning system being developed for the Rafale’s DDM NG warning equipment towards incoming infrared missiles – part of the broader SPECTRA gadget. DDM NG lacks the level of insurance found in the F-35’s DAS, however the picture’s breadth and readability are an surprising illustration of how far IIR has come. The DDM-NG device is slated for fielding on new Rafale F3s.
March 21/10: Kuwait. The 4-member Islamist “Reform and construction Bloc” in Kuwait’s 50-member Parliament issued a statement in opposition t Kuwait’s proposed Rafale purchase, reiterating “…its enterprise rejection of this suspicious deal, particularly following suggestions that the latest technical stories have recommended the rejection of the deal.” The Bloc also cites the Rafale’s failure to win different export orders so far, as a intent to avoid the plane. defense Minister Sheikh Jaber Mubarak al-Sabah, however, continues to hold that the Rafale deal remains a priority.
The note “suspicious” is code for “comprises payoffs,” in a monarchy that has dissolved Parliament 3 instances from 2005-2009, so as to evade scrutiny of the royal household. In November 2009, some opposition MPs claimed the proposed 14-28 airplane contract become over-inflated. In response, Kuwait’s parliament voted unanimously to ask Kuwait’s Audit Bureau to probe 3 planned arms offers with the USA and France for C-130J tremendous Hercules transports, an ammunition plant, and the Rafale.
The bloc’s claims involving the technical reviews are complicated to determine – a technical protection ministry group has been assessing the deal, following Sheikh Jaber Mubarak al-Sabah’s approval, however its findings have not been made public. Al Defaiyah | Kuwaiti times | Zawaya | defense information | France 24 | UPI.
Feb 24/10: protection information studies that the French defense ministry’s ministerial funding committee has accredited a “vigor-with the aid of-the-hour” category association with M88 engine maker Safran. Rolls Royce has trademarked the term, which refers to a contract that pays for hours flown, in preference to time and preservation fees. The M88 association would reportedly encompass a certain number of flying hours, plus the spares and help required to fulfill those benchmarks.
The report refers to a “contract” operating from 2010-2014, with optional extensions and adjustments available from 2014-2020. At this point, youngsters, it’s now not 100% clear whether a proper contract exists, or the ministry has simply given approval to barter a contract along certain traces.
Feb 20/10: Kuwait. center East Newsline experiences that France and Kuwait have resumed high-degree protection talks to finalize an estimated $three billion order for up to 28 Rafales.
Feb 2/10: Rafale Care. Thales group pronounces a ten-12 months, fastened rate sub-contract with Dassault Aviation, to provide more than a few extended features and preservation support for avionics device on Rafale combat plane in provider with the French militia. These functions will consist of “obsolescence administration,” which is at all times a hazard given the brief construction cycle of many digital accessories, and comprises assured availability charges.
The avionics help contract with Thales flows from the SIMMAD contract cited in the Dec 12/08 entry, whose initial 5-yr base length is followed by means of 5 further alternate options of 1 year each.
Jan 22/10: ACMI. Dassault Aviation declares that it has configured the Rafale fighter to raise MBDA’s Semac Air combat Maneuvering Instrumentation pod on its wingtip, enabling it to take part in the USAF’s multinational purple Flag recreation. In early 2008, the Dassault Aviation design department in Saint-Cloud had been asked to investigate the affect of the new pod in early 2008, guaranteeing that it didn’t create aerodynamic issues, or intervene with different plane electronics. through the conclusion of July 2009, Dassault had submitted this file to the authorities, and received flight authorization. In early August, four Rafale warring parties participated in the red Flag 2008-04 endeavor.
ACMI pods relay and store place and performance counsel throughout workouts, and can additionally simulate the firing of missiles and calculate hit chance. The combined transmissions of participating opponents creates an entire command photograph for those running the exercises, who can additionally replay engagements to the fighter pilots in a while.2009
France orders 60 extra. modernizes 10 Rafale-M F1s; favored in Brazil; UAE rumors; Oman offer; Libya searching somewhere else; Crash 2 Rafale-Ms.
Rafale w. Meteors(click to view full)
Dec 31/09: 60-plane order. protection Aerospace reviews that on this date, France’s DGA awarded Dassault Aviation a multi-billion euro, multi-12 months production contract to convey 60 Rafale F3 combat aircraft (50 Armée de l’Air, 10 Navy) under “Commande Globale no. 4” (world order #four). Deliveries are anticipated to start in 2015, at a regular cost of 10.5 plane per 12 months (q.v. Nov 12/09).
A supplementary deal would cowl the modernization of 10 Rafale-M F1 naval warring parties to the latest F3+ common (q.v. Nov 30/09 entry).
defense Aerospace says that the orders were proven with the aid of a DGA spokesman, while Dassault declined to remark. linked contracts have additionally reportedly been awarded to Snecma for M-88 engines, and to MBDA for weapons, but values and particulars were not disclosed. France doesn't have the equal disclosure requirements as nations just like the usa, and information retailers have said that invidious comparisons between the Rafale’s French expense and export rate helped sabotage a sale to Morocco in 2007.
so far, France remains the fighter’s most effective consumer. Commande world IV reportedly brings the full number of Rafales ordered with the aid of France to one hundred eighty, out of a planned total of 286 (228 air drive, fifty eight navy). An option to order 9 extra plane under this order could return the application plan to 295 aircraft.
Nov 30/09: F1s – F3s. protection Aerospace reviews that French defense minister Hervé Morin has dedicated EUR 300 million to modernize 10 French Navy Rafale-M (F1) combatants. this might bring the French Navy’s in-provider Rafales to 26 F3 aircraft, plus any new-construct aircraft delivered in the interim.
The retrofits have been at first expected in 2012, but have been moved as much as 2010 as part of the French govt’s economic stimulus application. aircraft M2 – M10 might be moved from Landivisiau naval air station to the latest Rafale F3 construction line, and retrofitted over a period of 12-18 months. When delivered, they will exchange 11F Squadron’s modernized super Etendard combatants, that are nearing the end of their safe flying life.
10 Rafale-M F1s to F3s
Nov 26/09: French protection Minister Hervé Morin is quoted regarding the September 2009 crash of two Rafales. both recorders were recovered and sent to France’s Bureau of Accidents Enquiring and analysis (BEAD) for investigation. Morin says the file is complete, including that: “It’s evident… It’s very in all likelihood, very sure to be a human error.” China’s Xinhua.
Nov 15/09: at the Dubai 2009 air show, Thales representatives discuss the anticipated French contract for 60 greater planes, and export opportunities. Flight foreign:
“[The inclusion of RBE2-AA AESA radars] is paving the manner when it comes to expertise for the export manner,” says [Thales aerospace senior vice-president Pierre-Eric Pommellet]. “Negotiations with the UAE on Rafale are ongoing,” he says. “I’m certain that this might be a really important theme at Dubai. here is the biggest project that we're worried in during this area.” Kuwait is additionally rising as a strong prospect. “There have been some state-to-state talks, together with on the Rafale. Kuwait can be a great customer for us, but it’s their choice on no matter if to development,” he says.”
Nov 12/09: 60 permitted. protection minister Hervé Morin and France’s Comité ministériel des investissements de défense (CMI) approve a multi-12 months, 60-plane order of Rafale combatants for the French air drive and navy, per France’s multi-year protection budgeting plans. These aircraft would be geared up with new RBE2-AA AESA (energetic Electronically Scanned Array) radars and more suitable self-insurance policy methods, in addition to the regular Rafale F3 healthy-out.
Order estimates hover round EUR 6-7 billion, but actual fees, delivery date, and order composition will now be negotiated through France’s DGA procurement company. The multi-year dedication is designed to deliver each assurance to the deliver chain, and self belief on the part of potential export purchasers. The DGA itself acknowledges that the presence or absence of these exports will affect common schedules and beginning dates. Key enterprises concerned will encompass Dassault Aviation, Thales, Safran, and MBDA, amongst about one hundred establishments within the ordinary deliver chain. French DGA [in French] | Avio news | Flight overseas | StrategyPage.
Oct 23/09: Kuwait. As Kuwait and France signal an umbrella defense settlement to raise bilateral cooperation, reports floor that Kuwait is investigating Dassault’s Rafale as a possible successor to its fleet of F/A-18C/D Hornets. UPI:
“definitely,” talked about [Kuwaiti Defense Minister Sheik Jaber al-Hamad] after assembly along with his French counterpart Hervé Morin, “we would be proud to have the Rafale within the heart of the defense force in Kuwait.” Jaber, additionally deputy top minister of the emirate, told journalists he turned into looking forward to phrases of the deal from Paris.”
Oct 19/09: Libya. Libya’s talents Rafale purchase could be in danger. Russia’s Interfax media company reviews that Libya plans to purchase 12-15 Sukhoi Su-35 multirole warring parties, another four Su-30s as an instantaneous intervening time order, and 6 Yakovlev Yak-one hundred thirty coach and light attack aircraft aircraft. reviews point out that a contract can be signed with state arms export agency Rosoboronexport by way of the conclusion of 2009, or early 2010.
The UPI report provides that Libya is additionally drawn to the long-range, high-altitude S-300 air-defense equipment, the shorter-latitude Tor-M2E and BUK-M1 surface-to-air missile systems, combat helicopters, T-90 tanks, and at the least one diesel-powered submarine.
Libya has additionally been in talks with France to purchase its Rafale opponents considering the fact that late 2007. Any signed Sukhoi deal is probably going to conclusion the Rafale’s near-time period options in Libya. Libya would later aid the Rafale gain foreign credibility – however via use in theater, in preference to a sale.
Sept 24/09: Crash. A pair of French Rafale-M opponents collide and crash within the Mediterranean, about 30 km off the French coast. The crash reduces the Rafale M fleet from 17 to 15 aircraft, and kills some of the pilots worried. Aviation Week | defense news | Flight overseas: body found.
Sept 7/09: Brazilan Rafales? Brazil’s Ministerio Da Defesa proclaims that Dassault Aviation is now the F-X2 competition’s favourite bidder, and the country will order 36 Rafales subject to additional negotiations. Subsequent hobbies cause partial backtracking from the govt, because the competition remains now not over, and the Brazilian Air force hasn’t delivered its ideas yet. The Rafale has definitely performed front-runner reputation, although.
This sale would be France’s 1st export order for its Rafale fighter, after a lot of attempts spanning more than a decade. French technology switch throughout a extensive latitude of initiatives became reportedly the vital element within the deal, and Brazilian foreign Minister Celso Amorim reportedly pointed out that the choice to begin talks with Dassault “became no longer adopted with regards to the other two” competing companies. President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva described the flow as “definitively consolidating a strategic partnership we started in 2005” – one that would now produce helicopters (EC725), submarines (nuclear-powered and diesel-electric), transport aircraft (KC-390) and perhaps fighters (Rafale). study “Brazil Embarking Upon F-X2 Fighter software” for more particulars, and entire updates.
June 5/09: UAE. Rumors floor that the UAE, who chose to develop the F-16E/F Block 60 desolate tract Falcon as an alternative of purchasing the Rafale, can be inclined to substitute its Mirage 2000v9 fleet with Rafale aircraft in a $10 billion deal.
if they do, despite the fact, they reportedly desire some changes to the platform, together with engine thrust growth from 16,500 pounds each and every to twenty,000 pounds, an AESA radar, and integration with MBDA’s Meteor long-latitude missile. Funding from the UAE may assist France finance Rafale upgrades, as their key requests are all already deliberate or in building. the place negotiations develop into pleasing is the quid professional quo. A observe-on article in UAE’s The national discusses previous licensing-for-exports deals associated with funded adjustments to their Mirage 2000 and F-16 structures. those deals made the UAE several hundred million greenbacks when the Mirage 2000v5 change it helped finance were offered to different countries. Al Defaiya | UPI | UAE’s The countrywide.
Feb 10/09: Oman. France enters the fray with an offer to promote Oman Dassault’s Rafale fighter, as an alternative of the 24 Eurofighters reportedly on offer from Oman’s historical ally Britain. The present became reportedly made with the aid of touring French President Nicolas Sarkozy all through a gathering and dinner on Tuesday with Sultan Qaboos bin observed. report.2008 (Partial)
10-yr Rafale Care contract; Dassault turns into Thales’ biggest deepest shareholder.
Rafale-M F1(click to view full)
Dec 19/08: Alcatel-Lucent SA sells its 20.78% stake in most important defense electronics enterprise Thales SA to Dassault Aviation SA of St. Cloud, France. The sale rate is stated to be EUR 38 per share, or about EUR 1.fifty seven billion (about $2.25 billion). Dassault already owns 5.2% of Thales, but this buy will make it Thales’ 2d biggest shareholder after the French govt’s 27.1%. examine “Dassault Takes an important Stake in Thales.”
Thales et Dassault
Dec 12/08: Rafale Care. Dassault broadcasts that France’s constitution integrée de maintien en situation opérationnelle des matériels aéronautiques du ministère de la Défense (SIMMAD) has signed a ten-12 months contract to hold the one hundred twenty Rafale warring parties France has ordered to date for its Air drive and Navy.
This contract follows the nascent international fashion toward pay for performance in defense force renovation. the 10-12 months “Rafale Care” international contract does use maintenance payments according to operational availability and flying hours, rather than materials and labor. The contract additionally includes a commitment to cut back those prices per hour over time, in an identical method to many corporate outsourcing agreements. unlike Britain’s absolutely comprehensive “future contracting for availability” model, however, “Rafale Care” covers the aircraft but no longer the engine (Snecma), radar (Thales), countermeasures or weapon systems.
charges have been no longer disclosed, but protection information rates a Dassault spokesman as saying that the better twin-engine Rafale costs about 15% more per flight hour than the Mirage 2000 light-weight fighter. The French Armée de l’Air additionally refused to deliver figures, sidestepping the query by means of asserting that expenses were closely elegant on key variables like flight and mission profiles. Dassault Aviation | protection news.
Rafale Carefurther Readings
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